Daily Archives: February 21, 2009

Obudde mu lulimi Oluganda

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Mukama Katonda tulina okumwebaza ennyo olw’okuwa bajjajjaffe amagezi ag’ekika ekyawaggulu nebasobola okutukolera Enkuluze (Dictionary) mu lulimi lwaffe oluzaaliranwa.

Waliwo amawanga mangi agatalina mannya ga biseera mu nnimi zaabwe enzaliranwa, ate Abaganda abamu nabo tebaafuna kakisa okumanya amannya g’ebiseera nga bwe biyitibwa mu Luganda. Kati nno y’emboozi eri mu ddiiro.

Year – Omwaka, kino kigambo kya Luswayiri naye mu Luganda olwaffe lwennyini omwaka tuguyita – Ddaaza

Month – Mwezi, kino kigambo kya Luswayiri naye mu Luganda olwaffe lwennyini omwezi tuguyita – Zzooba

Week – Ssabbiiti/wiiki, bino bigambo bigwira, mu Luganda olutuufu ennaku omusaanvu tuziyita – Ddimaansi

Date – Ennaku z’omwezi, bino nabyo bigambo bigwira, mu Luganda tugamba nti – Enzingu e.g. 11th Nov – ng’enzingu kkumi nalumu mu zzooba erya Museenene

1. January – Gatonnya

Mu biro eby’edda ezzooba lino lyabanga lya kyengera, era ng’amatooke geengerera nnyo mu nsuku. Abaganda baagambanga nti: Owange, amatooke mayitirivu obungi, gano gatonnya butonnyi!

2. February – Mukutulansanja

Mu kiseera kino mu Buganda, ng’essaanja liggwera ddala mu nsuku, anti olw’omusana ogwayakanga okwekutula okuviira ddala mu Ntenvu (December) okumalako Gatonnya! Abaganda kyebaavanga boogera nti, guno omusana Mukutulansanja!

3. March – Mugulansigo

Mu kiseera kino, Abaganda mwe baateekerateekeranga ennimiro n’okunoonya ensigo ez’okusiga ng’eddaaza likkiridde. Bajjajjaffe nebasalawo ekiseera kino okukituuma Mugulansigo.

4. April – Kafumulampawu

Mu kiseera kino enswa Empawu mwezibuukira nezefuumuula okukamala. Era ekiseera kino kye kiva kiyitibwa ekya Kafumulampawu!

5. May – Muzigo

Mu kiseera kino enkuba etonnya nnyo (Enkuba eya Ttoggo) kale ebirime nebigingimuka nnyo era nebibala emmere nebikatagga. Ate ebisolo ebizaalibwa mu kiseera kino, naddala enkoko, tebitera kukula olw’obutiti obuyitirivu. Kale bajjajjaffe nebasalawo ekiseera kino okukiyita ekya Muzigo.

6. June – Ssebo Aseka

Ekiseera kino kyabanga kya kyengera ekya kasooli era nga bwe mumanyi, ensiri zaagala nnyo ebimera ebikutte ekifuko. Kale ensiri zaabanga nnyinnyi nnyo era nekireetera abantu okulwala omusujja (Malaria) kyokka ng’endwadde eno tebagimanyi. Olw’okwagala okufuna ku kabugumu, Ssebo (musajjamukulu ssemaka) yafulumyanga ku katebe ke akolugalaamiriro oba akaliba ke, n’agalamirako mu luggya mu kasana asobole okufuna ku kabugumu. Mukazi we yayokyanga kasooli era nga kasooli ayidde, yatumanga omwana nti: Twalira kitaawo kasooli ono alyeko. Omwana naye teyabanga mubi, ng’akikola. Mukaziwattu bwe yageranga ekiseera era ng’ategeka bulungi omusooli omulala ng’addamu okutuma omwana. Omwana bweyatuukanga ku kitaawe, yasaanganga kasooli gweyasoose okuleeta ng’akyali awo; ssi mukwateko ate nga taata amannyo gali kungulu! Anti bambi nga musajjamukulu yasomose dda, lututte ffenna abaatusooka gye baalaga. Mu butamanya, omwana yayitanga kitaawe nti: Taata, taata, nkuletedde kasooli omulala wuuno olyeko. Kyokka oli nga teri kanyego. Omwana yalowoozanga nti taata ali mu kumusekerera era kyeyavanga akomawo ewa nnyina n’amugamba nti: Ssebo aseka busesi! Nkanda kumuyita naye ye ansekerera busekerezi! Awo nno bajjajjaffe ekiseera ekyo nebasalawo okukiyita – Ssebo Aseka!

7. July – Kasambula

Mu kiseera kino omusana gwaka kitonotono, kale abantu ab’edda beeyambisanga ekiseera kino okusikambula mu nnimiro ebisoolisooli ebikaze n’okulima omuddo okuguggya mu bisaambu byabwe. Wano bajjajja kyebaava batuuma ekiseera kino – Kasambula.

8. August – Muwakanya

Mu kiseera kino mubaamu enkuba etonnyerera ate ng’erimu okubwatuka kwa Laddu (lightening). Abaganda ab’edda kino bakivvuunulanga nti enkuba eno eraanga okujja kw’eddaaza essajja (Male Year) eriyitibwa Ddumbi era erirwanyisa eddaaza ekkazi (Female Year) eriyitibwa Ttoggo. Kale bajjajja ekiseera kino nebakituuma ekya Muwakanya nga bagamba nti: Ddumbi awakanya Ttoggo.

9. September – Mutunda

Mu kiseera kino enswa eziyitibwa Entunda mwezibuukira, kko bajjajjaffe nti: owange, kino ekiseera kya Mutunda!

10. October – Mukulukusa Bitungotungo

Bajjajja bwebaalinga bakungula entuungo (ennyaga), emu yayiikanga mu nnimiro. Kale oluvannyuma lw’enkuba eya Muwakanya, entuungo eno yamerukanga. Naye mu kiseera kino, enkuba yeeyoongeranga obungi era okukkakkana ng’ekulukusizza entuungo eno ento eyabanga emeruse. Kko bajjajjaffe nti: Eno enkuba Mukulukusa Bitungotungo!

11. November – Museenene

Wano edda nga ky’ekiseera enkuba ey’olutentezi mweyatonnyeranga ate nga n’enseenene kawoomera mwezibuukira(bazzukulu ba Kalibbala munansonyiwa). Kale bajjajja ekiseera kino nebakituuma ekya Museenene.

12. December – Ntenvu

Mu kiseera kino ku ttale ebaayo ebiwuka ebiyitibwa entevu nga bingi ddala era bajjajja kwekutuuma ekiseera kino nti kya Ntenvu.

06:00 a.m. Lubungubungu oba Maliiri

Wano Omuganda ow’edda weyateranga okukkirira mu nnimiro n’atandika okukakkalabya ogwa kidima (enkumbi).

09:00 a.m. Emmindi esooka

Wano Abaganda webaawummuliranga okuva ku lubimbi ne balyoka bakoleeza emmindi zaabwe nebafuuwako. (Si kuloga, wabula kuwummulako)

10:00 a.m. Kalasa mayanzi

Wano omusana gwabanga gutandise okuwoomereza era nga amayanzi gabuuka gava wano gadda wali. Omuzungu bwe yaleeta Chai wano Omuganda we yanyweranga chai.

11:00 a.m. Emmindi eyokubiri

Wano abakazi Abaganda webaatandikiranga okuwaata emmere n’okufumba eky’emisana, era n’okukoleeza emmindi baddemu banyweko.

12:00 p.m. Ttuntu

Omuganda ekiseera kino yakitwalanga ng’amasekkati g’emisana era ng’omusana gwaka okwememula.

1.00 p.m. Malya g’ekyemisana

Wano Omuganda weyaliiranga eky’emisana.

2:00 – 3:00 p.m. Ggandaalo

Wano Omuganda weyawummulirangako emmere emukke mu ntumbwe. Ekigendererwa ekirala kyabanga kwewala kutambula mu musana ogwa ebisolo ebikambwe n’emisota webisiingira okuba n’obukambwe obusukkiridde.

4:00 p.m. Akalabirizabazaana

Wano omukazi Omuganda weyatandikiranga okutegeka ekyeggulo*

6:00 – 7:00 p.m Enjuba weegoloobera (sunset)

Wano Omuganda weyaliiranga ekyeggulo*.

7:00 – 9:00 p.m

Wano abakulu baakumanga ekyoto nebanyumya ebyafaayo n’engero ez’abedda.

9:00 – 10:00 p.m. Kawooza masiga

Edda amasiga gaaberanga ga mbaalebaale oba njaziyazi, kale nga galwawo okuwola. Ekkiseera kino kyabalibwanga nga amasiga wegawolera.

11:00 p.m. Ekisisimuko ekisooka

Wano Omuganda eyabanga yeebase oluvannyuma lw’emboozi y’ekyoto, weyasisimukiranga yeetegereze ebifa ebweru, ssi kulwa ng’ekyalo kizindiddwa.

00:00 a.m (Midnight) Ttumbi

Ekiseera kino kyabalibwanga ng’amasekkati g’ekiro.

1:00 a.m. Mattansejjere

Ekiseera kino enswa ensejjere mwezibuukira, era Omuganda anatta ensejjere emisana yalinga yategese omumuli gwe ogw’okumulisa ensejjere nga zigwa mu nvubo.

3.00 a.m Kinywambogo

Wano embogo wezitandikira olunaku lwazo nga zitandika n’okunywa amazzi mu myala oba emigga.


4:00 a.m. Enkoko embereberye

Wano empanga wezisookera okukookolima, n’oluvannyuma neziddamu ku ssaawa ekkumi nebbiri (6:00 a.m.). Era wano wewaava n’okuyimba oluyimba nti:

Mukasa akeera, akeera ku nkoko

Mukasa akeera, akeera ku nkoko embereberye.

5:00 a.m. Mmaambya (dawn) Enkoko eyokubiri

Wano emmsambya eba esaze (nga ku ggulu kuzzeeko ekitangaala ekimyufu).

5:30 a.m. Matulutulu

Ku ggulu kuba kuzzeeko ekitangaala ekya kyenvu era obunyonyi butandika okukaaba oba okuyimba.

6:00 a.m. Maliiri oba Lubungubungu

*Ekyeggulo – (supper) kino ky’ekigambo eky’Oluganda ekituufu okukozesa bw’oba otegeeza okulya emmere ey’akawuungeezi. Waliwo Abaganda abakozesa mu bukyamu ekigambo Ekyekiro nga baagala okutegeeza “Supper” oba emmere eriibwa akawuungeezi. Ekyo ekigambo kikyamu mu makulu ago era kiwemula.

*Ekyekiro – Nnazzi kuno (edda) ng’omusajja Omuganda bw’ava ku mboozi y’ekyoto, nga yeefubitika ensiisiraye era ng’agamba mukazi we nti: owange, kati katulye Ekyekiro; amakulu nti “Let’s play sex”. Kale nno bwekatakutaandanga n’okikubawo mulujjudde nti: Bannange mujje tulye Ekyekiro, oba nti: Gundi yatusaanze tulya ekyekiro! Wano Omuganda omutuufu ayinza okufa ensonyi, naddala nga waliwo nnyazaala oba ssezaala!

Awangaale Ssabasajja,

Biwandiikiddwa nze, Nviiri, nga bwe byambuulirwa jjajjange Alice Norah Kayaga Nnakiyingi.

11 Museenene 2008

Nviiri

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Selective reading by enemies of Buganda

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Firstly, it is quite astonishing if not corrupt intellectually to use literature selectively to character-assassinate buganda leaders like Ssekabaka Mutesa. Secondly, it is interesting that we are willing to believe our former colonialists if the issues can malign Baganda. It is the same Baganda abhorrence brigade. Thirdly, the accounts of Kabaka’s incest, etc are gossip, emanating from what was clearly a personality contest between Kabaka Mutesa on the one hand, and Cohen as well as Lyttelton on the other hand. These two colonial personalities hated Kabaka, and would therefore never say anything positive. Check page 197 again, where abuse is passed upon Kabaka Mutesa – those statements are not referenced; so they are not fact. I see that there are other referenced documents abusive of Kabaka Mutesa cited by the enemies of buganda. This is not new – there are actually many such documents, and not only about Mutesa but almost about all leaders. Unfortunately, we have more of the colonialists accounts. The author (Ronald Hyam) does not reference Mutesa’s book for example, neither are there any quotations from any Muganda! A fair judgement would definitely be to get Kabaka Mutesa’s  account or some accounts from some of his Baganda subjects about what happened.Thre isn’t a single Ugandan referred to in the passage that buganda enemies references(in these pages by Ronald Hyam), and yet, they wants us to belive that they are an authority about history, wirtten by and accounted for by exclusively the colonialists. It is high time we wrote our own history!!!

Finally, if indeed Sekabaka Mutesa was that bad – so what? What should happen? The fact remains, he was the Kabaka of Buganda, respected for standing up against the colonialists. Just as some Ugandans love Museveni and/or Obote, I for one, love Sekabaka Mutesa II with pride and valour. He was very courageous in times when the rest of leaders in Uganda were silent, and he instigated the agitation for independence. I believe that very few of you his critics will ever achieve even a minute fraction of what he achieved or did. May his soul rest in eternal peace.

By the way, there are so many books about these incidents. Some of such books appear in the footnotes of the reference cited here. There one by Professor Mutibwa, a Ugandan – it could be a little more aunthetic, but has lots of faceless heresay as well. Nonetheless, from the same reference, there are within the same pages some rather startling accounts, which would in fact seem like coming from text, different from what the enemies of buganda read.

Page 193

…In any case he sought separate independence for Buganda with a fixed timetable. This was in direct conflict with the British objective of a self-governing unitary Uganda. In which Buganda was geographically the keystone: its secession it would be a bit like taking England out of the United Kingdom. 

…Few field officers supported Cohen.

… The resident in Buganda, R.E. Stone, for example, was much more sympathetic to the Kabaka, feeling that he was pulled in two directions at once by conflicting royalties, and managing a difficult situation well.

Page 195

Lyttelton had a hard decision to make. …..between sacking the Kabaka and sacking the governor.   Cohen was the darling of the Labour Party…. So, although he had the gravest doubts, Lyttelton represented the Kabaka to his colleagues as an intransigent weakling, in defiance of HMG, ….

The legality of the action was tested in court. Prof. Keith Hancock led an independent inquiry, …. Cohen changed his mind. After a visit, Lennox-Boyd felt the balance of arguments for relenting, ‘always close, had definitely shifted to allowing the Kabaka’s return’, …

But ironically the court ruling was that despite the Kabaka’s having been ‘disloyal’ and therefore his deposition therefore justified, it was HMG who had technically acted in breach of the 1900 agreement.

Nevertheless, by underestimating the strength of Bagandan national pride, traditional royalities and sense of honour, and by deporting the Kabaka, only to restore him a year later, Cohen was strongly criticised, even though prepared to be apologetic. …. Perhaps he was right to insist on challenging Buganda separatism. But equally it could be argued that Mutesa showed just as much courage ….

Essentially this controversy, between British prestige and Ganda honour, boiled down to a matter of personalities…

Then follows Otto’s selected delegatory quotes, which the writer states clearly were ‘beliefs’ rather than facts. By the way, I hear roumors of incest still existing.

Buganda was a good negotiator during colonial times

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There is the Kiganda saying that; “Okwogera ennyo, ssi kuzza Lubaale!” In other words, even if you play and dance TWIST, it won’t help you to bring back the Bazungu wish of stiffling Buganda and the region!

 
The problems between Bazungu (this includes Indians and British citizens who were living in East Africa at the time) and Baganda might have started with Sir Hesketh Bell, but this does not erase the history that as per the 1894 and 1900 Agreements, Buganda was treated as a Sovereign State, and that is why Buganda and later Uganda was NEVER a Colony! Amazima gakaawa but non-Baganda should appreciate Buganda’s role in preventing their regions from becoming a colony, as was the case with Kenya and Tanzania! I shall repeat once more, Buganda has perfected the art of negotiating since time immemorial, that is why the Arabs and British explorers cum traders found it in an asdvanced stage, because Baganda knew the value of negotiating! Even the wars that were fought by Buganda and her neighbours, negotiations were not ruled out. Patrick, you are a great historian, take the case study of the wars between the Buganda Christians during the era of Kabakas Mutebi, Kiweewa and Kalema. If Buganda is not such a good negotiator, then who come John Kabalega and Daniel Mwanga II ended up colleagues? It is the types of the Mirima’s who now want to bury this history and bring back the animosity between us!
 
Simply because of Olunyoomonyoomo lwa Bazungu that was evident with the coming of Hesketh Bell on the scene, we are not going to accept our history to be re-written. Buganda was a Sovereign State while other regions looked on, but just like a good teacher who doesn’t wish to see part of the class advancing while the rest is lagging behind, Buganda tried to move in step with the rest of the regions, at her expense. Otherwise we would have got our independence in the 1930s. Ever heard of the Buganda organisation called Bataka Union – BU, that was headed by a one Ssemakula Mulumba? Those men were not jokers!
 
You very well know that in the past, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda have enjoyed a long history of co-operation under successive kingdom and regional integration arrangements. Kingdom in that Bunyoro-Kitara and Buganda kingdoms were trade partners way deep up to Karagwe in Tanzania and then westwards. With the negotiations between the British and Buganda that brought about the Uganda (Buganda) British Protectorate in 1894 and the Buganda Agreement of 1900, more developmental initiatives were introduced. These have included the Customs Union between Kenya and Uganda in 1917, which the then Tanganyika later joined in 1927; the East African High Commission (1948-1961); the East African Common Services Organisation (1961-1967) which was tasked with pst office, railways, airways, ports and harbours; and research. The East African Community was formed later in 1967 and lasted until 1977.
 
The East African High Commission sparked off what was later to become the 1953-55 Buganda Crisis. Why? Because the British in their arrogance formed it without consulting Buganda thru its Great Lukiiko in Mmengo, as per the Agreements in place. Buganda just learnt about it through the media, and to add salt to injury, this son of a Briton called Oliver Lyttelton announces at an exclusive party tha was held at the East Africa House how Britain is going to federate the three East African Countries just like they had done with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland (Malawi). The rest is history, but bottom line: Buganda affairs before were in the Foreign Office okutuusa abalabe baffe lwe baatukwatirwa obuggya! And even then, if you persist on the disinformation, the demand for Buganda to be returned to the British Foreign Office shows the foresightedness of our forefathers and the kingdom as a whole. Hate it or love it, if it weren’t for Buganda negotiators, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania would now be like Zimbabwe or South Africa! The choice is yours. Please, give the Devil his due!!!
Rpbert Nviiri
UAH forumist