Nyakazaana was the wife of Zachary Kiwanuka Sensalire


1/7  What do some Baganda mean when they say that police spokesperson “Nabakooba is a partisan Muhima on a pro ‘Nyakazaana’ anti people mission” ?  You mean support for Nyakazaana is pro-Hima and probably anti-Ganda?

2/7  Bahima particularly Maama Nyakazaana, have given Buganda Kabakas and Chiefs.  The prominent Nyakazaana is of the Bahinda clan of the Royal family of Nkore (“Ankole”) and the earlier they got to know her, the better for their  effort to be in good stead with Buganda royalty.  Thusfar, things may not be good for you.
3/7  This is what I mean: Nyakazaana was the wife of Zachary Kiwanuka Sensalire, and together, they were the parents of Ham Mukasa Rwamujonjoza (1871-1956), one of the greatest sons of Buganda.  Ham Mukasa as you know was the Sekibobo of Buganda (i.e., the Chief of Kyaggwe), the longest serving chief in the history of Buganda.  Zakariya Kiwanuka Sensalire was himself a descendant of a long line of Sensalires, i.e. heads of the balalo clan of Njovu who are known to have gained prominence right from the days of Kabaka Kintu as the official balaalo.  Up to now, it remains the duty of the Njoveu clan to educate every new Kabaka on the art of bulaalo (herding).  Like other balaalo, Sensalire married from among his fellow Bahima, hence the Nyakazaana that you are now vilifying.

4/7  Nyakazaana, a Muhima, was the mother of Ham Mukasa as we have seen.  Ham Mukasa, with his first wife Anna Mawemuko, then went ahead to father  Victoria Sarah Nalwanga (b. 1910).  Nalwanga was the mother of the two Kisosonkoles, Sarah and Damali, the wives of Kabaka Edward Mutesa II.

5/7  Sarah Kisosonkole, (the great grand daughter of Nyakazana), was Kabaka Mutebi’s mother.  The Kiganda version of the Hima name, Nakazana has stuck around up to now.  Kabaka Mutebi’s first Namasole was known as Edith Nakazana.  She passed away recently in London, I think on 02 Sep 2008, and you may have even attended her funeral service!

The title of the Saza chief of Buddu is Pokino, Kyaggwe is Sekiboobo; Butambala, Katambala etc and Mawokota’s Saza chief is called Kaima.  Do they know the history of that culture of calling a very important Saza chief of the heartland of Buganda “Kaima”?

Mukasa was called Ham because of his Hamitic looks.  The  name itself is evidence of that background of Nyakazaana.  They could as well have called him Kaima/Kayima/ Muhima/Muyima Mukasa.

Note that Apollo Kagwa was a Muhima of the Nsenne clan, the migrants from Busongora….typical Musongora…angalia yeye!The name Ham comes from the bible.  We know of when the world faced liquidation and Noah floated some new company, one of whose board members was Ham, and the other one was Shem.  Ham is supposed to have spun off the Hamites who came over to Africa South of the Sahara and Shem is supposed to be responsible for the Semites of Middle East and Western (Mahgreb) Arabia…Misri, Libya etc.

Whoever give Mr Mukasa that Ham name must have been some missionary with that doctrine in mind, and with an idea about Mr Mukasa’s Hamitic parentage.  “Lujonjozi” was an innovative way of gandanising what is really a Kinyankore name

it is true that Ham Mukasa’s mother, i.e., my great grand mother, also Kabaka Mutebi’s great, great grand mother was a Munyankole by the name of Nyakazaana!!!”

If anyone wants to “dig dip” the history of Bahima and balaalo in Buganda, I will refer you to some readings that might give you some basic facts.  These might also be of some use for others that champion Buganda exclusionism and the anti-Hima and anti-Tutsi invective that abounds on this forum:

Reid, Richard J (2002), Political Power in Precolonial Buganda (Kampala: Fountain)…also available from James Currey and Ohio University Press.
Kaggwa, Apollo Sir (1934), The customs of Buganda  (New York: New York)
Ashe, RP (1889), Two Kings of Buganda (London).
Roscoe, J (1911), The Baganda: An Account of their Naive Customs and Beliefs (London).




About ekitibwakyabuganda

Ba Ssebo ne ba Nyabo, Twebaza Abaganda bonna abulumulirwa Obuganda . Era twebaza ne mikwano gya Buganda gyonna wonna wegiri munsi yonna. Omukutu guno gwatandikibwawo nga e’kigendererwa kwe kuyigiriza abantu ebintu ebikwatagana no’Buganda era nokuwanyisiganya ebilowozo nebanaffe abatali Baganda. Abaganda ne mikwano gya Buganda mukozese omukisa guno muwereze ebirowozo byamwe no’bubaka bwona obunaagasa Abaganda na’baana Buganda berizala mu maaso eyo. Obumu ku bubaka obuwerezebwa ku mukutu guno bugyibwa mukuwanyisiganya ebirowozo okubera kumukutu gwa Ugandan’s at Heart (UAH) Forum ogwatandikibwawo Mwami Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba. Era twebaza muzukulu wa Kintu ne Nnambi ono olw’omulimu gwakoledde bana Uganda bonna abali e’bunayira mungeri yo kubagatta mu byempuliziganya no’kutumbula okukolaganira awamu.

5 responses »

  1. Thanks for this. However, we knew our grandfather as “Lujonjozi.” This does not, in any way, rule out its origins. It may indeed have been Rwamujonjoza or not!!! The name “Ham” was given to him on his baptism. We were always of the opinion that it came from the Bible!!
    If I may add – it is true that Ham Mukasa’s mother was a Munyankole by the name of Nyakazaana!!!

    Aggrey Mulira

  2. Ham Mukasa was born Mukasa Rwamujonjoza. He got the name “Ham” after converting to christianity.

    The name Ham does not have any connection with Hamitic or Ham-maana. This guy was a great man. He employed my great gand father as a clerk. He later gave him a big chunk of land in Kyaggwe. I have great respect for his family and I send my greetings to Galabuuzi in Norway, Ham Mulira, Kasedde, Mayengo, Hannington Mukasa etc.

    Do not sell land to Kaguta and company, if possible, just lease it.

  3. Mr Buhanga,

    You say:

    “The name Ham does not have any connection with Hamitic or Ham-maana.”

    What is it connected to? I thought you would dismiss the connection we have made already by giving us an alternative. All you are doing now is saying: “ngaanye, nayanga, nimekata, I cannot accept that”. That can’t be a good counterclaim.

    “Ham Mukasa was born Mukasa Rwamujonjoza”: We have already ploughed through the “Rwamujonjoza” name. What I forgot to mention is the meaning of that name and the language where it derives from. The root word in the name is “jonjoza”. It does not exist in Luganda. It is a Runyankore word which means to bully or abuse. Rwamujonjoza may mean child or descendant of a bully. You can confirm this on page 54 of this dictionary that defines Kujonjoza:

    Davis Margaret Beatrice (1938), A Lunyoro-Lunyankole-English and English-Lunyoro-Lunyankole Dictionary (Kampala: Uganda Book Shop)

    In Runyoro, the verb “kujonjoza” is part of the vocabulary of metallurgy. In iron working, it meant flattening smolten ore into a sheet that would eventually be moulded into swords (one sword is a Kitara) blades, spears, platters and digging implements. Ham Mukasa may as well have had connections with Bunyoro-Kitara iron-working traditions.

    When you scheme through Luganda grammar, you do not find “Rwa…” as one of the prefixes. It is exclusively a Runyakitara prefix. So, the name “Rwamujonjoza” has little to do with Kiganda origins, and is either from Nkore or Bunyoro-Kitara. Given as we have seen, the origins of Ham Mukasa Rwamujonjoza’s mother, Nkore is more likely.

    Lance Corporal (Rtd) Otto Patrick

  4. Hi Mr. Buhanga, interesting blog you have. I’m intrigued by your comments about Sir Apollo Kagwa being a Muhima of the Nsenene Clan. Can you elaborate on this and perhaps provide some references one can refer to. Thank you.

  5. Kintu’s emergence into Buganda, and later Kimera wanyana’s son coming from Bunyoro and the folkrole of Buganda’s Lubaale with Nakazaana, Nabuzaana and Nakayima Omulaalo all point us to a central lineage of the origins and blood relationship of the Bantu groups. The River Nile has clues to the Shemites and Hamites migrating along that river. Ham is not a coincidence but should be treated as a point of interest in the anthropological inquiry of the origins of Baganda , Bahima and other Bantus. My little research helped me with the understanding of the Baganda word Amakka (homestead) and the central Islamic/Hebrew place where God wanted A place of Worship MAKKAH. Compare with a hill Baka where there is a lot of traditional Ganda worship of God. It is therefore, not a coincedence at all that Baganda are the most accommodating of other tribes/races that migrate into Buganda. It is pureley due to their God-given grace. Kings of Buganda have always inter-married from other tribes and in a non discriminative way (until recently when we have seen evidence of angry people being very zenephobic; yet aglance into any clan you will find migration and assimillation) Awangale Ssabassajja atasosola. Sadly the Hima are less accommodating and usually insecure. Banyoro accommodate widely……..the reasons are historical,

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