Daily Archives: March 27, 2010

THE ROOTS OF THE 1966 CRISIS, PART 1: MONEY

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1/8 Initial troubles centred on the financial position of Buganda, leading to protracted wrangles between Entebbe and Mmengo over the interpretation of Article 1 of schedule 9 of the 1962 constitution (See pp. 173-4 1962 Constitution at compatriotto, http://www.scribd.com/doc/20262240/Uganda-Constitution-1962).  The Central government sought to deduct from its grants to Mmengo additional revenue accruing to Buganda from graduated tax on non-Africans, rents received from public land, leases to urban authorities etc.
2/8 Earlier on, the Relationship Commission (Munster Commission) had laid out the means through which the central government would maintain firm financial discipline over local authorities but curiously, Mmengo did not think that those stipulations applied to Buganda insisting that its relationship with the centre was special and different from that of other local authorities.  This (mistaken) view was largely informed by the leverage Buganda had over the UPC government, having eased it into power through the UPC-KY alliance.  In spite of that, though, AM Obote is remembered to have insisted that, “we refuse to sign a blank cheque to the Buganda Government”.
3/8 For all its feeling of being special, Buganda was however not assisted by the never-ending financial misdemeanours by the Michael Kintu ministry (Kintu was the Katiikiro until he was deposed in 1964 after Buganda lost in the referendum over the “lost counties”).  While Buganda had £1 million in its coffers by the end of 1958, this had dwindled to a mere £465,000 in 1960.  In 1963, it was in the red by £226,863.
4/8 In 1965, the Planning Commission of the Buganda Government warned that the Kabaka’s government was on the brink of bankruptcy and that the ministers whose nepotism had reached new limits were the worst offenders.  The report also sent out danger signs on the state of morale of the Buganda civil service which it warned, had reached a very low ebb.  Another report of a committee led by a Makerere academic, DP Ghai warned that the feeble control by the central government on public expenditure in the kingdom had resulted in a perilous financial situation at Mmengo.
5/8 In 1965, Buganda finances were already in a considerable overdraft but even then, Mmengo went ahead to craft a budget that right from conception, suffered a deficit of £430,000, all this on top of a sum of £200,000 loaned internally to key officials at Mmengo for personal use.
6/8 Through all this, the services that had been transferred to the Buganda government as a federal authority were being heavily subsidised by the central government.  Even in the face of that reality and evidence of financial indiscipline, Mmengo wanted the payer of the piper not to have anything to do with calling the tune: the Kabaka Government insisted that in spite of Central government subsidies, Mmengo was entitled to spend according to its own policies and legislation.  Entebbe on the other had insisted that it was not obliged to subsidise schemes over which it had no control, particularly in light of reports of serious financial impropriety on the part of the Kabaka Government.
7/8 All this tussling was happening against the backdrop of the pending resolution of the thorny question of the “lost counties” (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) of Bunyoro; which the 1961 Constitutional Conference, attended by Buganda, was supposed to be resolved by a referendum to be held by the central government on a convenient date not earlier than two years after independence, i.e., after 8th October 1964.
8/8 Thus the stage was set for a serious political stalemate between Entebbe and Mmengo……
TO BE CONTINUED
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MUTESA RETURN FROM EXILE

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“Men shouting their voices hoarse dran rivers of waragi, a potent banana juice ferment.  A crowd casually kicked to death a man who did not kneel before the Kabaka…..”

[Life, 14 November 1955, Vol. 39, No. 20, p.63]

Lance Corporal (Rtd) Patrick Otto

Buganda Mourns Kasubi Tombs on Friday,26th March 2009

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Gano ge mampimpi ku bibadde e Nnabulagala.

Okusaba mu Masiro nga 26/03/2010
Mu bufunze omuwandiisi by’alabye:
7:30 a.m.              Okutandika olugendo ng’omuwandiisi agoberera ekkubo omuyisibwa Bassekabaka nga batwalibwa okugalamizibwa e Nnabulagala. Olukubakuba lutandika okufuuyirira.
8:00 a.m.              Omuwandiisi atuuka ku Masiro, asimba mu nnyiriri.
8:15 a.m.              Nalinnya Sarah Kagere ne bba batuuka mu Masiro
8:35 a.m.              Omuwandiisi ayingira mu Masiro. Olukubakuba lukya.
9:38 a.m.              Omutaka Nakirembeka atuuka mu Masiro
9:50 a.m.              Katikkiro J.B. Walusimbi atuuka mu Masiro. Bakatikkiro abaawummula Joseph Mulwanyammuli Ssemwogerere, Mayanja Nkangi ne Dan Muliika nabo balangirirwa nga bwe batuuse mu Masiro.
9:51 a.m.              Supreme Mufti Zubair Kayongo atuuka mu Masiro.
10:10 a.m.           Ssabasumba Cypriano Kizito Lwanga atuuka mu Masiro nga awerekerwako Omusumba Mathias Ssekamanya ow’e Lugazi n’Omusumba Dr. Anthony Zziwa ow’e Kiyinda Mityana.
10:25 a.m.           Omusumba wa Seventh Day Adventist atuuka mu Masiro.
10:30 a.m.           Ssaabasajja Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II atuuka mu Masiro. Akubirwa emizira egy’amaanyi. Emikolo egikolebwa nga Ssaabasajja atuuse mu Masiro gikolebwa. Agenda okulamusa ku Bannamasole, Abalangira n’Abambejja, Bannaddiini n’Omulangira w’e Nkole, Prince John Barigye.
10:34 a.m.           Oluyimba lwa Buganda Ekitiibwa kya Buganda luyimbibwa. (Olwa Uganda abantu baalugaanyi okuluyimba. Kalabaalaba w’omukolo alangirira nga omukulembeze wa DP, Norbert Mao, n’owa UPC, Olara Otunnu, bwe batalutumidde mwana. Abantu bakubira Norbert Mao emizira kyokka bawogganira waggulu nti Otunnu ne UPC tebabyetaaga.

10:43 a.m.           Kalabaalaba w’omukolo ategeeza Ssabasajja nti musajja we omuyimbi Ronald Mayinja waali nnyo era agenda okumuyimbira oluyimba Landlord. Abantu bakuba emizira era Ronald Mayinja atandika okulya mu ndago. Abantu bonna ekinyegenyege kibakwata era bayimbira wamu ne Mayinja.
10:55 a.m.           Okusaba kutandika nga Chaplain wa Makerere University, Rev. Fr. Lawrence Ssemusu asaba essaala ey’okwegayirira Mukama mu Luganda ne mu Lungereza.
11:00 a.m.           Ssabasumba Cypriano Kizito Lwanga ayigiriza
11:05 a.m.           Sheikh Ssebulime asoma essaala ku lw’Abayisiraamu.
11:10 a.m.           Supreme Mufti Zubair Kayongo ayigiriza. Anokolayo obugambo obugamba nti Katonda yatonda amagye ag’enjawulo. Waliwo ag’omu Ggulu, Ye Kayongo gaatajja kwogerako, ne ag’omunsi. Mu g’omu nsi waliwo aganyoomebwa kyokka nga gadoobya abantu, okugeza nga ensiri. Ensi yonna n’okutuusa ku ssaawa ya leero ekyalwana n’omusujja gw’ensiri. Wano kwe kubuuza nti: omuntu ayinza atya okulowooza nti nno anaasobola okulwanyisa omwoyo ogwagala ekintu ng’Obwakabaka? Obwakabaka bwa Buganda Katonda yabuteekawo ng’ekisiikirize Abaganda mwe bawummulira okusobola okufuna emirembe. Abantu bonna bakuba emizira egy’amaanyi.
11:15 a.m.           Omulabirizi w’e Mityana eyawummula, Dr. Dunstan Bukenya asoma Zabbuli ya Dawudi eya 121.
11:20 a.m.           Omulabirizi w’e Namirembe Wilberforce Kityo Luwalira abuulira. Anokolayo obugambo obugamba nti Mukama eyatonda Buganda n’atuteekamu Abaganda omwoyo ogwo ogwa Buganda ogutafa, y’omu Buganda gw’esaanye okwesiga kubanga Ye Mukama y’omu agenda okugiyimirizaawo okutuusa enkomerero y’ensi lw’erituuka. Abuulira abantu nti nno Mukama amanyi bulungi oyo eyayokerera Amasiro gaffe, kyokka amazima galitufuula ab’eddembe era kyalibadde kirungi mu kiseera kino eky’ekisiibo omuntu oyo eyayokya amasiro okwenenya.
11:27 a.m.           Omusumba w’Abasodokisi Rev. Fr. Stanislaus Kasule asoma ekitundu okuva mu Yokana 1 n’okutandikira ku lunyiriri olw’olubereberye.
11:30 a.m.           Ssabasumba w’Abasodokisi Metropolitan Yonah Lwanga ayigiriza, kyokka abatabuzitabuzi bakutula waya z’emizindaalo ezimu nga beeyamba obusindikagano obw’ekyana ekito era ebigambo bye ebimu tebiwulirwa. Okusaba kuyimiriramu okumala akabanga.
11:34 a.m.           Emizindaalo egimu gizzibwako era Metropolitan Yonah Lwanga amaliriza okuyigiriza kwe.
11:42 a.m.           Ssabasumba Cypriano Lwanga ayitibwa okukomekkereza okusaba era awerekerwako abasumba Mathias Ssekamanya ow’e Lugazi, Paulo Ssemwogerere ow’e Luwero Kasana ne Dr. Anthony Zziwa ow’e Kiyinda Mityana. Mu bugambo bwe obuwuumbawuumba okusaba anokolayo Nabbi Nekkemeya (Nehemiah) eyaliwo emya 585 nga Kristo tannaba kuzaalibwa. Nabbi ono yatunuulira ekibuga Yerusaalemi (Yerushalayim) ekyali kyokeddwa abalabe ba Yisirayiri kyokka n’akumaakuma mu Bayudaaya obutaterebuka. Yeeyamba empagi ttaano ez’okuzzaawo Yerusalemi;
–          Okwegayirira Mukama
–          Obutaterebuka wabula okunywerera ku Katonda waabwe
–          Okusabanga bulijjo
–          Okuddamu okuzimba ekibuga
–          Oku

11:45 a.m.           Ssabasumba Cypriano Lwanga Agaba Omukisa mu linnya lya Patri, ne Mwana ne Mwoyo Omutukirivu.
Kalabaalaba w’omukolo alangirira nga Ssabasajja bw’agenda okwogera eri Obuganda. Abantu bakuba emizira era Kalabaalaba asaba Obuganda bwefuge Bbeene asobole okwogera.  Oluvannyuma lw’akabanga abantu basabibwa okuwa Bannaddiini ekkubo basobole okufuluma Embuga. Kitegeerekeka nti nno Ssabasajja asiimye obutayogera eri Obuganda oluvannyuma lwa Kimese okukitegeerako nti nno abalabe ba Buganda baasindise Abacuba okutabulatabula omukolo era nga be basongeddwamu olunwe ku gw’okudobonkanya emizindaalo n’entimbe (screens) ezaabadde zitegekeddwa ebweru ku Muzigiti okuyamba nnasiisi w’omuntu ataasobodde kuyingira mu Masiro ng’ebifo biweddemu. (Kiteeberezebwa nti abantu abeeyiye e Nnabulagala bakunukkirizza wakati w’obusiriivu omunaana n’akakadde akalamba!)
11:48 a.m.           Kirangirirwa mu butongole abantu bonna okwesumulula amafuvu era n’obutafuluma Masiro n’amafuvu. Okukungubaga kw’Abaganda mu Buganda ne mu nsi yonna kulangiriwa nti kukomye.
11:50 a.m.           Omukolo ogw’okusaba guggalibwawo mu butongole. Abantu abayagala bagenda okubuuza n’okukubagiza ku bazaana ba Bassekabaka abagalamidde e Nnabulagala.
Effujjo mu Masiro
Kyategeerekeseeko nti waliwo abantu abatayagaliza Buganda mirembe n’essanyu abaapangisizza abacuba okusobola okutabulatabula omukolo. Mu bikolwa eby’okutabulatabula omukolo mwe mubadde:
–          Okuleetawo akakyankalano akateetagisa nga abavubuka bano baleekanira abantu ababadde bayimiridde mu maaso ku bukomera obw’ebyuma batuule wansi mbu nabo abali emabega basobole okulaba. Wano tusaanye tukitegeere nti nno tewabadde wakutuula okujjako okutuula mu ttaka so ate ng’olukubakuba lubadde lufuuyiridde! Abavubuka bano bavudde emabega nga bwe bawaguza okutuuka ku kakomera akaabadde katekeddwawo okutuusa abantu ababadde mu maaso bwe beekyaye ne babasegulira, olwo akakyankalano ne kakoma.
–          Okulinnya ku nju ezisangibwa mu Masiro! Obwedda abavubuka bano bagera ekiseera ne baleekanira waggulu. Balinnye n’emiti egisangibwa munda mu Masiro ng’eno bwe banyeenya amatabi kumpi kugawogola!
–          Okukasuka obutebe obw’amasanda (plastic) nga babuggya mu weema eyabadde etuziddwamu bannaddiini nga babukasuka emabega kimugunyu.
–          Okukasuka amafuvu ge babadde baziinze ng’emipiira mu bantu ababadde batudde mu maaso. Omuwandiisi olw’obusungu aboggoledde abamubadde okumpi nga bw’abajjukiza nti Amasiro nalwo Lubiri era basaanye okugawa ekitiibwa. Abavubuka bakkakkanye era ekikolwa kino eky’ekivve ne kikoma mu kifo awo omuwandiisi w’abadde atudde.
–          Okuleetawo okusindikagana okugenderere ng’abantu bafuluma Amasiro. Waliwo abantu abazirise n’abalala ne balinnyibwa kumpi kufa. Obwana obumu bubuliddwako bakadde baabwo mu kusindikagana kuno okukoleddwa akagenderere.
–          Okusala ensawo. Waliwo akwatiddwa

–          Okusaalimbira mu nsuku z’Amasiro.
Abakozi b’effujjo bano abamu babadde mu bu T-shirt obuddugavu obwakubiddwako ekifaananyi kya Bbeene ng’atudde ku Nnamulondo. Mmengo ebadde terina ky’emanyi ku kikoosi ky’abantu abo bu T-shirt buno era eyo y’engeri gye kitegeerekese nti abantu bano babadde baweendule.
Ng’ebyo biteereddwa ku mabbali, omukolo gubadde gulaga ensi nti Obuganda bukyawagira Obwakabaka era buli mabega wa Ssaabasajja.

Awangaale Ssabasajja

Omuwandiisi