Kampala City mis-planning is directly from Kampala City Council, but more so from the Kampala Land Board dominate by lawyers, that have a mandate to stop any sale of land typically that endangers the welfare, future socio-economic and environmental prospects of the Baganda people and their nation.
Why the ruling National Resistance Movement is intentionally not bothered by the situation in Kampala? Complicity, ignorance, Collusion?! The Bayindi unwisely claiming Buganda land, polluting and dispossessing our people are calling another sputter of revulsion against them.
Buganda does not need Uganda constitution, laws or military power to change the above state of affairs. The situation has to change anyway. If the Kingdom turns deaf ears to what the Baganda are saying they will regret it for the above entities are no good for the future of our children, our people and Buganda Kingdom in general.
The Baganda have a right to their Kingdom and now one can take that right away! Whether the political parties corrupt Bulange, Buganda Land Board, the above conditions will change by all means.
Now, get four works and read through them – One is ”Who Will Tell The People? The Betrayal Of American Democracy by William Greider ___and another is Garfinkel H. (1967) Ethnomethodology New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
These first two will help you understand where you can place an African politician, in a Global, Regional and Local political field. Mind you it is now over 40 years of African independence. The British created what we can all social-economic infrastructure and African have added virtually nothing in colonial Uganda.
Other references are by Solicitor turned world peace crusade Mahatma Gandhi’s viewpoint of the African. Indeed a Latin American Doctor cum revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara has some interesting observations about the African he made when he tried to start a rebellion in the Congo now DRC.
Try to place these two works into the African politician’s situation where corruption and political hypocrisy is the order of the day. Voting will not heal the African from his own political imbecility.
Buganda must cede
Bwanika , Nakyesawa Luwero.
Lance Corporal (Rtd) Patrick Otto
Archbishop Lwanga asked a very relevant question, “Why are Baganda not liked by non-Baganda?” The question has since been re-written, and changed to make it look like he did not put it that way.
Whether he asked it in that manner or not, let us suppose another person, not the respected Archbishop, asked it. Its relevant and
requires an answer.
When it appeared in the press I personally understood that the Archbishop has asked a very genuine question which, indeed, has been
troubling genuine Baganda, but who have no guts to ask it. The Archbishop being an innocent man of God had the guts.
Knowing that it requires a very long answer, I referred him to history books which would inform the archbishop, and the Church for that
matter, and the millions of innocent young Buganda who have been denied the opportunity to learn and know what their grandfathers did to make Buganda acquire that indelible original sin stigma.
Before somebody answered, there came Minister Kirunda Kivejinja who minced no words and pointed out, unashamedly, why Baganda are disliked by non-Baganda.
Let me quote the Minister’s reported remarks about why Baganda are dislike by non-Baganda. Appearing in The Red Pepper of April 5, 2010, the headline read, KIVEJINJA STINGS MMENGO. He accused Mmengo of having bad will towards the NRM. He said, It was unfortunate for Mengo which was restored by the NRM not to loudly tell ordinary Baganda that the NRM Government had nothing to do with the Kasubi fire which gutted the Amasiro.
He said Baganda had failed to realize that times have changed and the kabaka no longer had sway the way he used to do in the 30’s.
There was a time when Buganda was on top of Uganda. It worked with the colonialists (who were rewarding Baganda for embracing colonialism) and that is how all the schools, hospitas, and other good things came to be located in Buganda. That is how most Baganda came to be educated
because of the exclusive privileges their region got from British colonialists.
However, the unfortunate thing is that times have changed. But Baganda do not want to accept this reality. Let me tell you my friends, he told
Baganda, your country Buganda, is no longer as strong at it used to be.It cannot threaten the NRM Movement Government. We are here to stay no matter the opposition from Mmengo.
He said, that Kabaka thing is only in people’s houses and you cannot impose i it on me, Let no nobody impose it on anybody including the
Baganda youths he was addressing.
There you are.
Henry Ford Miirima
I have copied word for word from Mr. Nyakatura’s book some educative information on the Kings of Buganda. As you read, bear in mind that Mr. Nyakatura wrote his book during the reign of HH Kabaka Chwa. It was published in the present from in 1973 and contains an entry about the 31st Kabaka. Readers will also notice that Mr. Nyakatura’s list of Buganda Kings may not tally with other lists. For an explanation, see the entry after the 29th Kabaka.
Other than that, readers should pay particular interests to 6, 7 and 22.
Everything you see is Mr. Nyakatura’s work, therefore I cannot be of any help clarifying anything. The book is considered by the library to be a classic, and thus cannot be photocopied or photographed. Read on
The Kings of Buganda
From, Nyakatura, J.W. 1973. Anatomy of an African Kingdom: A History of Bunyoro-Kitara, New York: NOK Publishers, pp.210-219
- KATO KIMERA
His mother was the lady Nyatworo of the Bakwonga clan. Kato Kimera came from Bukidi with his brother Rukidi Mpuga. He was given Buganda to rule by his brother Rukidi Mpuga, who was then king of Kitara. Kato Kimera rebelled against his brother and declared himself king of Buganda. His tomb is at Lunnyo. The Baganda historians try to distort his real identity. They deny that Bunyoro-Kitara was the first to have a ruling dynasty.
He became King of Buganda in succession to Kimera. It is said that he was a mental case and this eventually caused his death. His mother was the lady Nattembo of the Mmamba clan. His tomd lies in Luwoko.
- KIGGALA MUKABYA KUNGUBU
He succeeded his father Ttembo. His mother was the lady Najjemba. We are told that this king reigned for a very long time. His tomb lies in Ddambwe.
He is not really counted among the kings of Buganda because he became king while his father was still alive and died before his father died. His father became king once more. Kiyimba was very much hated by his people because he was a very bad man. His body lies in Ssentema. His mother was the lady Nnabukalu.
He was a son of a mere prince called Wampamba. His mother was the lady Nnabuso. He was the first king to lead an attack on Kitara and lost his life in the undertaking when he was fighting against the saza chief of Bwiru [Buddu]. He died in Isunga after being wounded. He died during the reign of Winyi I. His body lies in Kkongoije.
He succeeded Kabaka Kaima, his father. He was the son of Nnakibinge. He is mostly remembered for his bravery. He was killed by Olimi I, the Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara. Omukama Olimi I wanted to reconquer Buganda but he was advised against his undertaking because it was not god for one kingdom to swallow another. He therefore gave up idea. The Baganda put his wife Nnannono on the throne. Nnannono was pregnant at the time and it was hoped that the child she bore would become king. But she was, however unfortunate because she had a baby girl and not a boy.
He succeeded his father Nnakibinge and became King of Buganda while a baby. His mother was the lady Namulondo. He lived to a ripe age. The royal chair of Buganda started to be called Nnamulondo [after his mother] during the reign of Kabaka Mulondo. His tomb is found in Mitwebiri.
This king succeeded his elder brother, Mulondo. His mother was the lady Nnajjemba. He did not reign long because he had come to the throne while already an old man. His body lies in Mubango.
- SSUNA I
He came to the throne while already a very old man. He was a son of Kabaka Nnakibinge. He succeeded his elder brother, Jjemba. His mother was the lady Nnasuna. Ssuna I did not reign for long because of old age. His body lies in Jjimbo.
He became king while a very young man and succeeded his father Ssuna I. His mother was the lady Nnakku. He did not reign for long. His body lies in Kkongoije.
He became king in succession to his elder brother, Ssekamanya. He was also a son of Ssuna I. His mother was the lady Nnalugwa. Kimbugwe also did not reign for long. He died soon after being poisoned by Kateregga, his young brother. He was buried in Bugwanya. He was the one who captured the county of Kaima from Kitara and gave to Omulangira [Luganda word for prince] Mpandwa.
He became king in succession to his elder brother, Kimbugwe. He was also a son of Ssuna I. His mother was the lady Nabuso-Nabagereka. He was buried in Mitwebiri. He was the man who began the process of seizing areas of Kitara and adding them to Buganda. He captured Butambala County and gave it to Kawewo. This happened in the reign of Winyi II.
He succeeded his father, Kateregga. His mother was the lady Nnamutebi. His body lies in Kkongoije.
This King succeeded his elder brother, Mutebi. He had the same mother as Mutebi. He commissioned his young brother Kayemba to conquer Buvuma which was also added to the kingdom of Buganda. He was buried in Bujuko.
He was also a son of Kateregga. He succeeded his elder brother Jjuko. He came to the throne while a very old man and was buried in Lunnyo.
He succeeded his uncle, Kayemba, and was a son of Mutebi. He is said to have been a man of very bad temper. He killed all the witch doctors [who were regarded as small gods -or Embadwa] and he himself became the only witch doctor in the country. He was buried in Merera. His mother was the lady Nabuto-Nnabukulu.
He succeeded his cousin, Tebandeke. Ndawula was the son of Jjuko. He is mostly remembered for his peaceful reign. His mother was the lady Nandawula. He died a very old man. He was buried in Musaba.
This king succeeded his father, Ndawula. He is said to have been man of difficult nature. He ordered all his people to kneel on knives [with sharp ends] when they came to greet him. But the people rebelled against him. His mother was the lady Nnagujja. He was not given a royal burial like other kings because of is evil character. His body was thrown into Bukule River Valley.
He succeeded his elder brother, Kagulu-Tibucwereke. His mother was the lady Nnamirembe. He did not reign for long. His body lies in Kaliti.
He succeeded his elder brother, Kikulwe. He was also a son of Ndawula. He was the one who conquered the Basoga and it was during his reign that Busoga first became a colony of Buganda. His mother was the lady Nnakidde. He was buried in Sserinnya. He was the Kabaka who cut off Kyaggwe from Kitara and made it part of Buganda. This happened during the reign of Kyebambe II.
- MWANGA I
He succeeded his uncle Mawanda. He was a son of prince Musanje, the young brother of Mawanda. Musanje and Mawanda had one mother-Nnakidde. Mwanga I is not really counted among the lists of the Kabakas of Buganda, because he only spent nine days on the throne. He was killed by his [maternal] uncle called Nkunnumbi. His mother was the lady Nnalugwa. He was buried in Kavumba.
He succeeded his elder brother, Mwanga I, with whom he had the same mother-Nnalugwa. He is said to have been a drunkard. He is said also to have been the first king to start the ceremony of the succession rite which takes place on the Budo hill [like that of Kitara which takes place on the hill of Buru]. Kabaka Nnamugala did not die a king, having been dethroned by his younger brother, Kyabaggu.
This Kabaka succeeded his elder brother Nnamugala, from whom he had usurped the throne. He too was the son of Prince Musanje [like Mwanga I and Nnamugala]. His mother also was the lady Nnalugwa. Kabaka Kyabaggu is also counted among the brave kings of Buganda. He was the one who finally defeated and conquered Busoga and built his capital at Jinja in Busoga. His body lies in Kyebando.
This Kabaka succeeded his father, Kyabaggu. He is also counted among the brave kings of Buganda. His mother was the lady Nnanteza. He is the one who captured Bwiru [Buddu] and Kooki counties from Kitara and added them to Buganda. His body lies in Luwunga.
- SSEMAKOKIRO (1796-1818)
He became king in 1796 in succession to his elder brother Jjunju. They had the same father and the same mother [Kyabaggu and Nanteza]. From this came a proverb which says: “A banana tree does not bear fruit twice except the womb of Nanteza”, meaning that she provided tow kings. He was also brave like his brother. Ssemakokiro killed his brother Jjunju and usurped the throne. But Ssemakokiro turned against his agents who had helped him to kill Jjunju and these escaped death by feeling to Bunyaruguru. Ssemakokiro’s tomb is in Kisimbiri.
- KAMANYA (1818-32)
This Kabaka succeeded his father, Ssemakokiro. His mother was the lady Ndwaddewazibwa. Kamanya was also very brave. He was the Kbaka who extended the Kitara-Buganda border to Wesigire near Mubende. From this time onwards no other king of Buganda annexed big chunks of Kitara territory until the advent of the Europeans. It was these Europeans who annexed large areas of Kitara to Buganda during the close of the last century.
- SSUNA II SEMUNYWA KALEMA KANSINJO (1832-57)
He succeeded his father, Kamanya. His mother was the lady Kannyange Nnakkazi. It was during Ssuna II’s reign that foreigners [Arab slave traders] started coming to Buganda. He was the first King to receive clothing [cotton cloth] from foreigners. He is said to have married very many wives. He dies in Bwiru [Buddu] when he was on his way back from Kiziba, where he had gone on a raiding expedition. His body lies in Wamala.
- MUKABYA MUTEESA SEWANKAMBO WALUGEMBE (1857-84)
He succeeded his father, Ssuna II. His mother was the lady Mungazirwazza. This king was a good and wise man and ruled prudently. He was the first king to meet Europeans, in February 1862 in the persons of Captains Speke and Grant. Christianity also arrived in Buganda during his reign. He was on good terms with the Christian missionaries and did not try to fight them. The Protestants were the first to arrive in Buganda in 1877. They were followed by the Roman Catholics in 1879. The king himself was a Muslim. But it is not known whether he was ever circumcised, because a king’s blood could not be shed. He had very many children but many of them were burnt to death by his brother Kalema. Kabaka Mukabya died in 1884, and his tomb is found at Kasubi.
- MWANGA II BASAMMULA-EKKERE (1884-97)
He became king on 24th October 1884 in succession o his father Mukabya. Mwanga II did not have the goodness and wisdom of his father, for he was unstable in character. And for this reason, Mwanga II did not enjoy the throne peacefully, for he was on and off it. He was driven away from the throne twice, first by Kiweewa and then by Kalema . He, however struggled back to power again but was finally deposed on 6 July 1897, when he revolted against the Europeans. He fled through Kiziba, Bwiru, and finally reached Kitara. He again moved on through Kitara to Bukidi, where he met his uncle Kabalega of Kitara. These two followed the path which Isingoma Mpuga Rukidi and Kato Kimera, their ancestors, had followed on their way to Kitara . These two kings were arrested by the British in April 1899 and were exiled to the Seychelles Islands, where Mwanga II died in 1908. Hid body was brought back to Buganda and was buried with his father’s at Kasubi. His mother was the lady Abisagi Bagalyaze.
In our custom [Banyoro custom] Kiwewa should not have been counted as king because he came to the throne while the rightful heir, Mwanga II, was still alive. Kiwewa spent only seventy-two days on the throne and was killed by another brother of his. But in the custom of the Baganda, Kiwewa is counted as king and that is why he has been included in this list of Baganda kings. He was the father of Prince Augustini Tibandeke. His tomb is found in Masanafu. His mother was the lady Kiribakka.
He is also counted among the rebel princes against their brother kings. He became king in succession to his brother Kiwewa, whom he killed. He is the one who sought help from Kabalega. He appealed to Kabalega for help and was given an army led by Rwabudongo. The army helped to put Kalema on the throne of Buganda. Kalema spent more days on the throne than his brother Kiwewa. He ascended the throne on 12 October 1888 and was driven off on 5 October 1889. He thus spent almost a year on the throne. He was the father of Princess Yosefu Musanje Walugembe and Edimond [Edmund] Ndawula, now deceased. Prince Edmund Ndawula was first a Muslim by the name of Aramanzani but later became a Christian. Kalema was also the father of Maria Kamuhanda, the Rubuga, or official sister, of Sir Daudi Chwa II. Kalema died in Kitara when he had fled to Kabalega asking for help. Kabaka Kalema is said to have had a very bad temper and also to have burnt to death his brother, and thus destroying the royal clan because he feared that they might one day rebel against him and usurp his throne.
His mother was the lady Ndikubwani. His body lies in Mmende. His body was removed from Kitara to Buganda to be buried as was the custom.
- SIR CAPTAIN H.H. DAUDI CHWA, K.C.M.G. (1897-1939)
Kabaka Chwa is the present king in Buganda at the time I am writing this book. He is counted among the very powerful and honorable kings of Buganda. He succeeded his father, Mwanga II, on 14 August 1897, while his father was still alive and fighting against the Europeans. His mother was the lady Everini [Evelyn] Kulabako. Daudi Chwa’s ability was very much tried by the wisdom of the Europeans. Buganda progressed during his reign and was peaceful. His people are very rich. They have built nice and strong houses made of stone and iron roofs or tiles. Things seem to be going well in his reign. At present, Buganda has twenty big countries with many people living in them.
- MUTEESA II, EDWARD, S.M. LUWANGULA
He succeeded his father, Sir Daudi Chwa on 24 November 1939. The Second World War had begun at this time he is the one who sent a section of the army, the 7th K.A.R., to go and fight in other areas. During his reign, a strike broke out on 11 January 1945. This resulted in the arrest of Samuel Wamala, who was then Katikiro of Buganda, and he was exiled to Bunyoro. P. Kitaka and Ganya, the Assistant Katikiro were arrested and exiled to Seychelles Islands. S. Bazongere, Saza Chief of Kyaddondo, Njuki, Saza Chief of Ssingo and sixteen others were detained in Kitgum and others parts of Uganda. Muteesa II went abroad for further studies and stayed there for two years from 1946-47. His country is progressing. His mother is the lady Airene [Irene]. D. Namaganda, the daughter of reverend Jonasani Kaizi.
BUGANDA CULTURAL SITES MUST BE LOOKED AFTER
Once again Mengo has a responsibility to be aware of its surroundings. They have the responsibility to mobilise, supervise and delegate activities within the Kingdom. IF Mengo fails to perform adequately, we shall continue to see shameful things involving the Kingdom. As you know, it is always a grown up bird to teach the young ones to fly. Baganda like any other communities need leaders to inspire them. Mengo should show that inspirations to its people. Ssekabaka Kiwewa’s tomb at Masanafu: UNESCO wants the tomb but it is in a sorry state covered with some funny cuttings of iron sheets.
Mengo should always check on the work of the lower chiefs; that way, they can monitor whatever is taking place to all the important sites like that of Kabaka Ssuna as well as other localities of the entire Kingdom. They can do better than what we see now. I do no believe that volunteering mean doing sub standard things! Doing the right thing depends on discipline, knowledge and order. As long as you instil those three factors to the work force, always motivation follows and the moment you achieve that anything is possible.
Leadership is not only about collecting money from people as away of repairing a tomb of that nature. Remember most of the materials required to give a new look for a tomb of that nature can be locally obtainable free of charge. Baganda for years have always done a lot of great things with out money. Good leadership skills are better than money. With no good leadership skills even money can be useless. It is always good to advise our leaders where it is due instead of appeasing them all the time.
Does the Buganda authority at Mengo want to tell us that the tomb of Kabaka Ssuna is in such a state because of money? And that it needs to burn Kasubi tombs to see the poor state of Kabaka Ssuna’s tomb and Kabaka Kiwewa’s tomb. For me as a munna buddu I doubt it.
Maybe the money for restoring Kasubi tombs will help to rehabilitate other cultural sites like the tombs of Kabaka Ssuna, Kabaka Kiwewa and many others. But next time our leaders should not wait for fires to destroy certain irreplaceable structures as away of rehabilitating the rest. Our grand parents never used money to build the tombs of Kabaka Ssuna.
I am stunned with Kampala City Council and political party hypocrisy and corruption. Imagine the amount of money taken from Kampala Market’s stall owners, and envisage the terrible physical state of disrepair the Market are into! Then they shout about corruption! KCC must be disbanded.
Why political parties with their development demagoguery, doesn’t allow the Criminal Investigation Department, the Inspector General of Government investigate where over 100 millions collected from the so-called park yard (Nakivubo stadium car park yard) and Owino goes? See attachment Nakivubo! Nakivubo management and KCC rents out Nakivubo parking yard but the money had never been account for!
Nsambya, Nakawa, Natete, Busega all these markets pay duties, tolls, taxes you name it. When a stall owner for example builds a stall he or she pays a construction fee! Plus a monthly charge and then taxes to Uganda revenues authority through the so-called market contract owners.
What are these types of contractors and what service do they provide other than stealing people’s earthly riches to feed their greed for political power? They will pay dearly for this recklessness.
Redevelopment, Remodelling and redesigning of Kampala City Markets, is not such a complicated thing. Market vendors, all those I have personally talked to, are willing and have the financial clout, to redesign and model the markets to highest and best acceptable modern standards.
Market vendor’s only impediment, is lack of;
1. Physical Planning Capacity
2. Architecture and Construction Engineering Capacity, to remodel Markets.
3. Financial management capacity, which Commercial banks can provide.
Kampala City Markets, do not need an investors, or private managers (contractors), other than some form of government planning input, that the MINISTRY OF WORKS must provide. It will make Kampala City Markets become suitable, for all seasonal habitation, with proper sanitary, hygienic and efficient delivery of services, in an urbanised and compact city environment they are located into.
The Ministry of Works, Architectural and construction engineering works departments, (am willing to offer my expertise free of charge) must put their heads together and design suitable market for an urban environment considering the following:
a. Uganda’s tropic environment – in relation to fresh and dry foodstuffs sold in these markets.
b. Compact city environment with high-density population and traffic.
c. Storage facilities for fresh produce sold in Kampala City Markets i.e. perishable and high contaminable fresh foodstuffs like meat and fish.
d. Parking facilities in relation to human and motorised traffic.
e. Fire outbreak possibility and mitigation.
f. The surrounding social, built, commercial and physical environments.
g. With polished stones cleaning markets will be very cheaper and easy. There area lot of granite rocks between Luwero and Kigumba for that purpose.
So far, all Architectural models, from Kiseka, Owino, Nakawa and Nakasero markets, I have seen, are not properly designed, to suit the purpose they are planned for.
What and how should city markets be modelled?
1. Fresh food Markets, must have clearly demarcated departments i.e. those selling dry from fresh, highly contaminable (meat, fish) and creameries foodstuffs.
2. City markets must be spacious and well ventilated to offer 100% air circulation. It is therefore a necessity, to engage VVS engineer (building ventilation) and experts.
3. For dry items, 100% air circulation, prevents bacterial, fungi and mould attack on dried foots items – implying city markets must have modern dry storage facilities per items or commodities sold. E.g. rice, maize flour, groundnut, powered milk etc.
4. All Kampala City Markets must have cold storage facilities and refrigeration for fresh and highly contaminable foodstuffs.
5. Kampala City Markets, especially those selling fresh foodstuffs, must have 100 % water supply all day around, partly for floor, food item cleaning, washing and refreshing.
6. Since women, make the bulk of workers in city markets, it implies given to their biological needs (menstruation) access to 100% laundry and bathing facilities must be provided. Laundry facilities like washing, and hot air driers machines are provisions for instant cleaning, also medically required for butchers and fish sellers. These must be underground the markets, highly guided by civil engineering works and food safety regulations.
7. City markets, must provide Kindergarten for babies and small children to off load extract work, for mothers in markets. It provides total physical and psychological peace for mother working environments.
8. Provisions for enough parking space, around the markets is a must – motor traffic can be regulated with automated billing parking machines.
9. The markets underground offloading and loading facilities to ease traffic congestion. Off load and upload can be time regulated i.e. at low and high peak hours.
10. All Kampala City Markets must be provided laboratory-testing facilities for fresh foodstuffs and medical facilities – as a highly educated urban population grows, so will fresh food demand and necessity for high hygienic standard provisions.
11. Kampala City Markets, must have self-automated pressurised biodegradable waste facilities. Implying City and town council must provide adequate waste disposal facilities all year around.
12. Those selling ice creams, milk and eatables should be isolated from fresh and dry food markets. Retail Shops within fresh food markets, selling consumable in the category of super markets should be outlawed on medical grounds, within the market parameters.
13. The same applies, to those selling old clothes and metals that should have separate departments far way from fresh food markets. Owino and Kiseka markets.
For Uganda Revenue Authority remittance, commercial banks should be enticed to work with market vendors. URA will provide automated calculating software for registration, enrolling, incomes and expenditures collection and monitoring membership of all Kampala City Markets.
Kampala City Markets must reduce population densities. E.g. more markets can be built to hold a population of not more than 500 vendors each. This is possible with clear demarcation of dry/ fresh food vending and mivumba/ metal sellers i.e. in Owino and Kiseka markets.
Kampala City Council must only play a monitoring and guiding roll.
With the help of PPDA act, Local government Act, Leadership code, the Land Act water and environmental laws, etc-, KCC should show cause, why have been unable to develop, redesign, model, upgrade a single part of Kampala, as so stipulated in the county and town planning act and Kampala development programme or the so called structure plan that expire in 2000.
The government, can therefore, use the above laws to take over KCC. Allow the department of architecture and civil works engineering in the ministry works, start redesigning the city with immediate effect. The design can be given to respective vendors to look for money and develop or build new markets themselves.
The department of architecture and civil works engineering, in the ministry works can on a daily basis, for only a period of six month plan the entire Kampala City Markets. With the help of official community planning principal, where markets vendors, through their local councils will take on the roll of approving all planning projects, without KCC official input. That way you don’t contravene the Local government act.
I can help design, a full proof programme, that will completely do away with corruption in councils and streamline development of towns and cities, where no land could be stolen and misused.
Bwanika , Nakyesawa Luwero.
BUGANDA MUST SECEED OR PERISH AS A NATION, PEOPLE
- Why doesn’t NRM implement the public health act?!!!!!!!!!
- There is increased malnutrition in Buganda, poverty, and unsustainable destructive exploitation of forests, bushes, soils and waters. Uncontrolled trade in substandard products, fish etc., is exposing Baganda to a demographic threat. Too many youth in urban centres are turning drugs for relief. Kampala has no drainage system. The growing Pentecost church, women battering, guns in hands paramilitary groups, child sacrifice and degradation of the health care system in the Kingdom. The question to be asked is this political ecological war on Buganda?
- Institutional failure in a colonial state is deliberately instigated by all political actors, in that if institutions were to work in the context of concrete democratic framework, the ‘elite (?)’ the real power holders and from whom Buganda and Kampala problems originate will loose it big time. They will simply be voted out and indeed some will face criminal prosecution now or at later date from demographic and environmental crimes, intended or unintended to murder city population.
- Land tenure hypothesis is a ploy used by the above people and their dependents to grab land in Kampala’s Buganda. The urban planning laws state clearly and demarcates what a planning area is. Thus a planning area i.e. in Kampala the dwellers must conform to the urban laws. It implies that the state can use the above laws, to implement planning schemes in planning areas. The above laws is augmented with the environmental laws, right of way i.e. Roads, sewer, telephone, internet and power lines can be located on any land and the owner will give right of way to infrastructure development. Land tenure systems whether mailo land cannot stop urban development and physical planning. In fact it will be cheaper for Kampala City Council, and the colonial government to plan by compelling landowners to implement the law, to the letter and at their own cost. That is in regard i.e. to a. organised building construction, b. drainage system, c. service provisions, etc. in which case failure to do so might result in civil or criminal prosecution. ref: Country and Urban Planning act 2000, 1964,1955 and the Public Health Act 1964. For instance no one can set up a building anywhere in the colonial state, without approval by the district planning office! However where you see disorganised planning, district planners, to fleece money from ignorant citizens, therefore use the Public and health Act Law.
- Who stopped Buganda Kingdom to use the Barclays Bank supported upgrading of Kibuye market! Who stopped the Germany supported power generation from urban waste in Kampala. Why is the World Bank financed garbage recycling plant has not taken off in Kampala as it is in Mbale and Mbarara? Who stopped the Baganda commercial farming project where tractors were secured for that purpose?
- There is a real threat for the largest Baganda majority urban dwellers. That the price of land and estate in Kampala has escalated is fantastic and illogical. Which estate is there to worthy a mention? Majority Poor people in Kampala that make up 95% of the city population do not speculate in land and indeed have no money resources to invest in estate products. They indeed live in a ring of slums
- There is a strong correlation between corruption, anti-Baganda sentiments, land speculation (grabbing) and the creation of a metropolitan authority.
- Otherwise Kampala small as it is (1000 sq km) could be well and easily be planned as per the existing structure plans. In my own estimation it will take less than three years and if planning implemented will generate millions of shillings and thousands of jobs.
- Perverted proof suggests that the above has not been done, due to lack of money. Let us look at given examples; (a). For an entity like UTODA it generates today in a range of 3 billion shillings monthly. (b). Tax revenues from city traders the majority being Baganda are in an excess of over 50 billion monthly. (c). Money collected from city markets i.e. tolls, monthly rents and other dues are in billions of shillings. An organised and pro-peoples regime will tap into these funds to plan the city something, which will further generate more money in hundreds of billions of shillings from the construction industry and increase sellers from decreased wastage.
- If there is no money in KCC, let government scrutinise the estates and properties acquired by the Kampala City Council Mayors, City Engineers and Town Clerks and their assistants in all divisions from the day they attained their office positions and compare property ownership with the properties they had before the time they reached those propositions.
- All prime land and open spaces have either been shared between DP and/or NRM politicians. Who carved out of the Golf course Garden City, Nakumat and Golf Course hotel, placed almost on a sewer line, Bugologi Forest, Kampala wetlands?? Who allowed encroachment on land used for power lines, road reserves and building on sewer lines? Who wanted to give the constitutional square to Bassajabalaba? Such acts sparked off contempt of institutions and why doesn’t nrm use the existing laws to stop the destruction of Buganda environment?
- Interestingly many non-elite very rich people are all linked either to the government officials, army generals or the opposition parties. You hardly find a rich person without government connections. It is very clear from unplanned development, that normally the government officials use non-elite and low educated people to grab land, for low educated people who hardly understand what is at stake! This can be understood from faulting a. building regulation, b. building in road reserves and c. wetlands. The elite or uneducated business people do all investments of that nature either with support from the government official since they can therefore fight the law otherwise, why are these people not prosecuted! It will be interesting to understand the process by which former Drapers building now Crane Bank on Kampala road got the right to add floors on a building with strengthening the foundation! Was that within the law or not?
- Decentralisation programme has its foundation in Baganda social organisation structures of Kyalo (village) Muluka (low cell or parish), gombolola (middle cell, county) and Ssaza (upper cell -province). Why is it dysfunctional on a state level – the failure are largely anthropological i.e. that a state does not depend on royalty as opposed to kingdoms but rather on concrete structure i.e. corruptable institutions.
Bwanika Nakyesawa Luweero
U.N. Declaration affirms:
Indigenous peoples have the right to own, develop, control and use the lands and territories, including the total environment of the lands, air, waters, coastal seas, sea-ice, flora and fauna and other resources which they have traditionally owned or otherwise occupied or used. This includes the right to the full recognition of their laws, traditions and customs, land-tenure systems and institutions for the development and management of resources, and the right to effective measures by States to prevent any interference with, alienation of or encroachment upon these rights.
The people must rise up to claim their inalienable rights to knowledge.
In Worcester v. Georgia, one of the most cited domestic law judicial opinions in the world, Marshall wrote that the rights of discovery belonging to European discoverers under the European Law of Nations could not affect the property rights of the Indians of America, who were “already in possession, either as aboriginal occupants, or as occupants by virtue of a discovery made before the memory of man.”
The existence of the colonial state of Uganda and its marionettes does not extinguish and or affect the property rights of Baganda, Madi, Bakiga innovations and discoveries, Acoli discovery of Christianity, Itesot discovery of animal husbandry and ajon brewing (fermentation). These so called “tribes” (nations), clans and individuals were already in possession, either as aboriginal occupants or as occupants by virtue of their history and future, made before the memory of man. (bwanika)
ILO Convention No. 169 provides that “Governments shall have the responsibility for developing, with the participation of the peoples concerned, co-ordinated and systematic action to protect the rights of these peoples and to guarantee respect for their integrity.” To that end, the Convention requires states to adopt special measures “as appropriate for safeguarding the persons, institutions, property, labour, cultures and environment of the peoples concerned.”
In the context of a logging concession, for example, such positive measures might include measures in the design of the governing operational plan to prevent environmental impacts from road-building or timber harvesting that might harm indigenous peoples’ subsistence hunting and agricultural practices or interfere with access to sacred sites. Such measures might also include compensation for temporary or long-term degradation of soil or water quality. (Kampala)
Chapter 26 of Agenda 21 calls on states to adopt and give effect to the following measures, among others:
Adoption or strengthening of appropriate policies and/or legal instruments at the national level; Recognition that the lands of indigenous people and their communities should be protected from activities that are environmentally unsound or that the indigenous peoples concerned consider to be socially and culturally inappropriate;
Recognition of their values, traditional knowledge and resource management practices with a view to promoting environmentally sound and sustainable development.
The impact of government-sanctioned resource extraction activities in indigenous peoples’ traditional territories that do not conform with this requirement not only reduces the ability of the affected cultural group to maintain its own economic and social integrity, it irredeemably changes the entire economic structure of the affected region. State-imposed economic exploitation of their lands and loss of resources deprives indigenous peoples of their traditional livelihoods, forcing them to participate in a new economic regime that they do not control. In this way the cultural fabric of the indigenous group slowly unravels, instead of “enriching the fabric of society as a whole” as anticipated by the U.N. Human Rights Committee. The requirement of providing special safeguards is to protect indigenous peoples from such a fate.
Failure on the part of states to provide such demarcation and recognition of indigenous peoples’ properties and use areas results in difficult and threatening conditions for indigenous peoples. Without secure and defined land tenure, indigenous peoples invariably find their lands and habitats being encroached upon by outsiders. Indigenous peoples are then vulnerable to the practices of government officials who may regard indigenous peoples’ land as property of the state, and indigenous peoples are deprived of the ability to effectively and freely develop their lands and resources on their own terms.
A common law doctrine founded on unjust discrimination in the enjoyment of civil and political rights demands reconsideration. It is contrary both to international standards and to the fundamental values of our common law to entrench a discriminatory rule, which, because of the supposed position on the scale of social organization of the indigenous inhabitants of a settled colony, denies them a right to occupy their traditional lands.
A state, therefore, cannot escape international responsibility by merely referring to its domestic laws or administrative practices. Rather, it has the obligation to change its internal laws and practices to recognize indigenous peoples’ rights in relation to lands and resources and, moreover, to take affirmative steps to protect them.
The Committee notes that “[p]ositive measures of protection are . . . required not only against acts of the State party itself, whether through its legislative, judicial or administrative authorities, but also against the acts of other persons within the State party.”
………the indigenous peoples concerned lack specific state recognition and protection of their traditional lands, and, in the absence of such recognition, unwanted natural resource exploitation or other encroachments threaten their lands. In these situations the failure to take necessary protective measures lead to a violation of rights to property, culture, and physical well-being.
Petition the Government of Uganda to pay the US $9m due in rent to Buganda
Please sign the petition: Government of Uganda to pay the US$ 9m due
in rents to Buganda Government:
The Link: http://www.thepetitionsite.com/petition/120180495
To all Baganda and friends of Buganda
GGWANGA MUJJE NY/NJ!
CALL FOR ACTION!
WHAT: Fundraising for the restoration of Kasubi Tombs, the final resting place of Buganda kings since 1884. On the night of March 7, 2010, still unknown enemies of Buganda burnt the Kasubi Tombs to the ground.
For more information on Kasubi Tombs, visit:
WHEN: Saturday April 10, 2010
TIME: 3:00 PM – 8:00 PM
WHERE: The American Legion Drive – Union Township
3 Bond Drive, Union NJ 07083
FREE ENTRY, FREE EATS, FREE DRINKS
WHY: Ssabasajja Kabaka, Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II and all the people of Buganda look up to us to play our part towards restoring this great symbol of Baganda culture.
CONTRIBUTIONS AND MAILING ADDRESS: For those who can’t come due to an earlier commitment, but can contribute we say “Thanks”. We will ensure that all fund-raising activities are well coordinated and all contributions are accounted for and transferred transparently to the Bank account designated for the Kasubi tombs restoration. 100% of all money raised will go to the Project of the Kasubi restoration and all participants will be updated with the fundraising activities’ status. Please consider making a donation through Ggwangamujje NY/NJ Inc. (IRS Exempt Federal Income Tax Organization under the IRS code section 501 (c) (3)). Send your check under the name of Ggwangamujje NY/NJ Inc. earmarked for the restoration of Kasubi Tombs to the Treasurer’s Attn, Anne Mary Lule-Musoke,CPA
44 SAWGRASS DRIVE, WESTAMPTON, NJ 08060
WHO: You. COME ONE COME ALL!
Awangaale Ssabasajja Kabaka ne Nnabagereka!
Ggwanga Mujje, NY/NJ
For more information, please contact the committee members:
Sully Bunkeddeko 917-846-0922
Ggwangamujje NY/NJ, Chairman
Jackie Mirembe 908-296-8540
Wycliffe Lule-Musoke 908-591-9965
Ssabasajja Kabaka’s Representative
Christine Yawe 609-903-8727
Leonard Muwonge Mukasa 908-797-9719
Joseph Senyonjo 646-821-6849
I am a Ugandan hailing from Eastern Uganda. My granfather was born in a family of 8 boys and all his other seven brothers converted to Buganda and even their grand children today are Baganda in the Fumbe Clan. I do not clearly know why my grandfather in particular refused the conversion upon migrating to Kyagwe.
However, as we grew up, he told us that he enjoyed warm relations with the people of Buganda and as such I find myself knowing more about Buganda tradition that my tribe’s tradition. I support each and every other cause that unites the people of Uganda.
However, as a member of Democratic Party, I am rather disappointed with our party members who have chosen to mix politics with culture. I am of the view that people like Nambooze, Sebaana Kizito, Erias Lukwago should steer clear of Mengo and the same should apply to Nsubuga Nsambu, Husein Kyanjo,Semujju Nganda and all other partisan politicians.
I believe that for us who want to support Buganda in its quest for Federo will continue to find it hard to defend its arguments when it is clear that the Mengo Establishment has been eaten up by clear partisan politicians.
For God’s sake, the reason we continue to demonise Tamale Mirundi is because he tries to bring out the distinction between the Kabaka (who is non-partisan) and the Mengo Establishment which has taken to Partisan Politics.
My prayer would be for the Kabaka to sweep out all partisan politicians from Mengo and let them to come to us in Politics in their respective Parties and then the Katikiro(Eng. Walusimbi is not known to be a partisan politician of any Party) can assemble a neutral team to advance and advocate for Buganda interests.
Demonising Joseph Tamale Mirundi will not deliver Federo. Why do we demonise Tamale Mirundi when Peter Mulira and Gilbert Bukenya continuously carry the same message though delivered with a different tone. The tone differs because Tamale Mirundi is a villager living beyond his dreams, Bukenya is a professor of Medicine and Peter Mulira grew up in a decent Family and has attained ivy league Education.
I think we need to bring that into perspective and excuse Tamale Mirundi and leave him as he is. Museveni is a master at this game and he believes in the old adage that set a thief to catch a thief that is why he chooses to use Tamale Mirundi at a time when Mengo is using Mirundi’s class of Nambooze, Segoona and Lukwago.
It would have been a different story if Mengo had been using people like Prof. Frederick Ssempebwa to advance its cause. This also agrees with Solomon’s proverb that give a foolish answer to a foolish question. When Mengo sets the stage professionally, Museveni will be challenged to match the standard and issues will be discussed.
Segoona Lukwago, Nambooze Nsambu and Mirundi may differ in age and may hail from different parts of the Kingdom, but they are the images of one character and therefore must be dumped by their bosses because their rhetoric is toxic and intolerant.
Thank you! Ssabasajja Awangale.
RONALD LEONARD EGESA
INCONTRAVERTIBLE (SIC) EVIDENCE THAT KIWEWA CANNOT BE A KABAKA
A Biography Of His Majesty Ssaabasajja Kabaka Of Buganda Ronald Muwenda Kimera Mutebi II
During His Majesty’s formative period, he attended Buddo Junior School. As a young Prince, he was introduced to cultural exposition of the Baganda by staying in homes of prominent Chiefs for some time and also had private tuition at his father’s palace. He later left the country for the United Kingdom for further studies and upon completion he worked as a Journalist with the South Magazine which was published by Chief Abiola of Nigeria.
He returned to the country in 1986 after 20 years to take up his cultural responsibilities as a traditional leader of his Kingdom. He spearheads all development activities in the Kingdom including education, economic empowerment, social, health and cultural sectors.
On 31st July 1993, His Majesty was enthroned as the 36th King of Buganda.
[PLAGIARISED FROM THE OFFICIAL BUGANDA KINGDOM WEBSITE: http://www.buganda.or.ug/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=82&Itemid=112]
THE OTHER 35 KABAKAS: [PLAGIARISED FROM WIKIPEDIA]
- Kato Kintu, early fourteenth century
- Chwa I, mid fourteenth century
- Kimera, c.1374-c.1404
- Ttembo, c.1404-c.1434
- Kiggala, c.1434-c.1464 and c.1484-c.1494
- Kiyimba, c.1464-c.1484
- Kayima, c.1494-c.1524
- Nakibinge, c.1524-c.1554 (Followed by a period of Interregnum, c.1554-c.1555)
- Mulondo, c.1555-1564
- Jemba, c.1564-c.1584
- Suuna I, c.1584-c.1614
- Sekamaanya, c.1614-c.1634
- Kimbugwe, c.1634-c.1644
- Kateregga, c.1644-c.1674
- Mutebi I, c.1674-c.1680
- Juuko, c.1680-c.1690
- Kayemba, c.1690-c.1704
- Tebandeke, c.1704-c.1724
- Ndawula, c.1724-c.1734
- Kagulu, c.1734-c.1736
- Kikulwe, c.1736-c.1738
- Mawanda. c.1738-c.1740
- Mwanga I, c.1740-c.1741
- Namuggala, c.1741-c.1750
- Kyabaggu, c.1750-c.1780
- Jjunju, c.1780-c.1797
- Semakookiro, c.1797-c.1814
- Kamaanya, 1814 – 1832
- Suuna II, 1832 – 1856
- Muteesa I, 1856 – 1884
- Mwanga II, 1884 – 1888 and 1889 – 1897
- Kiweewa, 1888 – 1888
- Kalema, 1888 – 1889
- Daudi Chwa II, 1897 – 1939
- Muteesa II, 1939 – 1969 (Followed by a period of Interregnum 1969 – 1993)
- Muwenda Mutebi II, 1993 – present.
Lance Corporal (Rtd) Patrick Otto
I am writing to thank you for all you are doing, and request you to avoid getting distracted
Always remember that you are arguing on a voluntary basis, to develop knowledge, against persons who are paid to maintain a flow of lies.
If you wish to conquer a people, you must first destroy their historical knowledge of themselves. This is the mission the British (and others) began with colonialism, but were compelled to leave before they were finished with the job.
The reason the Brits now love NRM so much is because they have been willing to take up and try and continue the task.
Peddling hate history is a key tactic in this strategy.
But for such Africans, the first thing they must destroy is their ability to love themselves as Africans. They become slavish “house negroes” , working as intellectual guard dogs for Europe’s continuing ambitions in Africa .
Yes, they hate you (in this case Baganda). But that hatred is small in comparision to the self-hatred and secret contempt they often feel for themselves. This is manifested in how they periodically “kwesiluwaza” by resorting to schoolyard jeering and trying to make other “funny” noises in print. It is a recognition inability to maintain a sensible debate until they have been told what to say next. A dog cannot exceed the arguments of its master.
It is one of Africa ‘s modern tragedies.
Now, the challenge for you is to always stay on the point. Stick to the factual argument of substance, no matter how they try to provoke you into other ones.
The facts have been laid out in my last post.
But as I said, the real issue is: what can we learn from such history? Again, I have given my views on what lessons there are.
A increasingly relevant example here is this point I made:
” We see this again with those who used to be in NRM fleeing into exile from very system they have been part of, but also refusing to denounce it, and instead waiting to see how things may return to their favour. Their problem is not the illegitimate way in which the country is being governed, but rather the fact that it has “left them out” of the process.”
As some of you may know, Otto is actually the (partly UK-trained) UPDF officer Sabiiti Mutengesa who had to flee Uganda a few years back after seriously falling out with the then UPDF big man Gen James Kazini. The cause was the ghost soldiers/salaries issue. I don’t know the exact nature of their disagreement over this money.
Ask yourself why he has never returned, even after the death of his nemesis, to either explain his desertion, or resume his duties?
Ask yourself why he retains an unhealthy obsession with any negative thing he can find to say about Buganda , but cannot write one word about what he personally knows about the faults of the UPDF/NRM administrative culture that made him leave the country he professes to love so much?
As a UPDF officer, he presumably would have greater chances of contributing to positive change in the force, than he ever will in Buganda , since he has no standing here. Yet he is silent where he could be effective, and very vocal where he can be of no help at all. What a waste.
Often, our obsessions with other peoples’ business is actually a mask for our deeper anxieties about our own problems. This is why it is good for us to keep our history alive. The more you know about your own ancestors, the less likely you are to become obsessed with other peoples’, as seems to happening with our friend.
The only “good thing” about this case is how Otto has managed to turn all this dysfunction into a paying career.
Once again, I urge you to stand firm, and keep on defending Africa and her cultures.
Sorry for the long post, but as you can see, the problem runs deep.