Kings of Buganda

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People:

I have copied word for word from Mr. Nyakatura’s book some educative information on the Kings of Buganda.  As you read, bear in mind that Mr. Nyakatura wrote his book during the reign of HH Kabaka Chwa. It was published in the present from in 1973 and contains an entry about the 31st Kabaka.  Readers will also notice that Mr. Nyakatura’s list of Buganda Kings may not tally with other lists. For an explanation, see the entry after the 29th Kabaka.

Other than that, readers should pay particular interests to 6, 7 and 22.

Everything you see is Mr. Nyakatura’s work, therefore I cannot be of any help clarifying anything. The book is considered by the library to be a classic, and thus cannot be photocopied or photographed. Read on

WBK

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The Kings of Buganda

From,  Nyakatura, J.W. 1973. Anatomy of an African Kingdom: A History of Bunyoro-Kitara, New York: NOK Publishers, pp.210-219

  1. KATO KIMERA

His mother was the lady Nyatworo of the Bakwonga clan. Kato Kimera came from Bukidi with his brother Rukidi Mpuga. He was given Buganda to rule by his brother Rukidi Mpuga, who was then king of Kitara. Kato Kimera rebelled against his brother and declared himself king of Buganda. His tomb is at Lunnyo. The Baganda historians try to distort his real identity. They deny that Bunyoro-Kitara was the first to have a ruling dynasty.

  1. TTEMBO

He became King of Buganda in succession to Kimera. It is said that he was a mental case and this eventually caused his death. His mother was the lady Nattembo of the Mmamba clan. His tomd lies in Luwoko.

  1. KIGGALA MUKABYA KUNGUBU

He succeeded his father Ttembo. His mother was the lady Najjemba. We are told that this king reigned for a very long time. His tomb lies in Ddambwe.

  1. KIYIMBA

He is not really counted among the kings of Buganda because he became king while his father was still alive and died before his father died. His father became king once more. Kiyimba was very much hated by his people because he was a very bad man. His body lies in Ssentema. His mother was the lady Nnabukalu.

  1. KAIMA

He was a son of a mere prince called Wampamba. His mother was the lady Nnabuso. He was the first king to lead an attack on Kitara and lost his life in the undertaking when he was fighting against the saza chief of Bwiru [Buddu]. He died in Isunga after being wounded. He died during the reign of Winyi I. His body lies in Kkongoije.

  1. NNAKIBINGE

He succeeded Kabaka Kaima, his father. He was the son of Nnakibinge. He is mostly remembered for his bravery. He was killed by Olimi I, the Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara. Omukama Olimi I wanted to reconquer Buganda but he was advised against his undertaking because it was not god for one kingdom to swallow another. He therefore gave up idea. The Baganda put his wife Nnannono on the throne.  Nnannono was pregnant at the time and it was hoped that the child she bore would become king. But she was, however unfortunate because she had a baby girl and not a boy.

  1. MULONDO

He succeeded his father Nnakibinge and became King of Buganda while a baby. His mother was the lady Namulondo. He lived to a ripe age. The royal chair of Buganda started to be called Nnamulondo [after his mother] during the reign of Kabaka Mulondo. His tomb is found in Mitwebiri.

  1. JJEMBA

This king succeeded his elder brother, Mulondo. His mother was the lady Nnajjemba. He did not reign long because he had come to the throne while already an old man. His body lies in Mubango.

  1. SSUNA I

He came to the throne while already a very old man. He was a son of Kabaka Nnakibinge. He succeeded his elder brother, Jjemba. His mother was the lady Nnasuna. Ssuna I did not reign for long because of old age. His body lies in Jjimbo.

  1. SSEKAMANYA

He became king while a very young man and succeeded his father Ssuna I. His mother was the lady Nnakku. He did not reign for long. His body lies in Kkongoije.

  1. KIMBUGWE

He became king in succession to his elder brother, Ssekamanya. He was also a son of Ssuna I. His mother was the lady Nnalugwa. Kimbugwe also did not reign for long. He died soon after being poisoned by Kateregga, his young brother. He was buried in Bugwanya. He was the one who captured the county of Kaima from Kitara and gave to Omulangira [Luganda word for prince] Mpandwa.

  1. KATEREGGA

He became king in succession to his elder brother, Kimbugwe. He was also a son of Ssuna I. His mother was the lady Nabuso-Nabagereka. He was buried in Mitwebiri. He was the man who began the process of seizing areas of Kitara and adding them to Buganda. He captured Butambala County and gave it to Kawewo. This happened in the reign of Winyi II.

  1. MUTEBI

He succeeded his father, Kateregga. His mother was the lady Nnamutebi. His body lies in Kkongoije.

  1. JJUKO

This King succeeded his elder brother, Mutebi. He had the same mother as Mutebi. He commissioned his young brother Kayemba to conquer Buvuma which was also added to the kingdom of Buganda. He was buried in Bujuko.

  1. KAYEMBA

He was also a son of Kateregga. He succeeded his elder brother Jjuko. He came to the throne while a very old man and was buried in Lunnyo.

  1. TEBANDEKE

He succeeded his uncle, Kayemba, and was a son of Mutebi. He is said to have been a man of very bad temper. He killed all the witch doctors [who were regarded as small gods -or Embadwa] and he himself became the only witch doctor in the country. He was buried in Merera. His mother was the lady Nabuto-Nnabukulu.

  1. NDAWULA

He succeeded his cousin, Tebandeke. Ndawula was the son of Jjuko. He is mostly remembered for his peaceful reign. His mother was the lady Nandawula. He died a very old man. He was buried in Musaba.

  1. KAGULU-TIBUCWEREKE

This king succeeded his father, Ndawula. He is said to have been man of difficult nature. He ordered all his people to kneel on knives [with sharp ends] when they came to greet him. But the people rebelled against him. His mother was the lady Nnagujja. He was not given a royal burial like other kings because of is evil character. His body was thrown into Bukule River Valley.

  1. KIKULWE

He succeeded his elder brother, Kagulu-Tibucwereke. His mother was the lady Nnamirembe. He did not reign for long. His body lies in Kaliti.

  1. MAWANDA

He succeeded his elder brother, Kikulwe. He was also a son of Ndawula. He was the one who conquered the Basoga and it was during his reign that Busoga first became a colony of Buganda. His mother was the lady Nnakidde. He was buried in Sserinnya. He was the Kabaka who cut off Kyaggwe from Kitara and made it part of Buganda. This happened during the reign of Kyebambe II.

  1. MWANGA I

He succeeded his uncle Mawanda. He was a son of prince Musanje, the young brother of Mawanda. Musanje and Mawanda had one mother-Nnakidde. Mwanga I is not really counted among the lists of the Kabakas of Buganda, because he only spent nine days on the throne. He was killed by his [maternal] uncle called Nkunnumbi. His mother was the lady Nnalugwa. He was buried in Kavumba.

  1. NNAMUGALA

He succeeded his elder brother, Mwanga I, with whom he had the same mother-Nnalugwa. He is said to have been a drunkard. He is said also to have been the first king to start the ceremony of the succession rite which takes place on the Budo hill [like that of Kitara which takes place on the hill of Buru]. Kabaka Nnamugala did not die a king, having been dethroned by his younger brother, Kyabaggu.

  1. KYABAGGU

This Kabaka succeeded his elder brother Nnamugala, from whom he had usurped the throne. He too was the son of Prince Musanje [like Mwanga I and Nnamugala]. His mother also was the lady Nnalugwa. Kabaka Kyabaggu is also counted among the brave kings of Buganda. He was the one who finally defeated and conquered Busoga and built his capital at Jinja in Busoga. His body lies in Kyebando.

  1. JJUNJU

This Kabaka succeeded his father, Kyabaggu. He is also counted among the brave kings of Buganda. His mother was the lady Nnanteza. He is the one who captured Bwiru [Buddu] and Kooki counties from Kitara and added them to Buganda. His body lies in Luwunga.

  1. SSEMAKOKIRO (1796-1818)

He became king in 1796 in succession to his elder brother Jjunju. They had the same father and the same mother [Kyabaggu and Nanteza]. From this came a proverb which says: “A banana tree does not bear fruit twice except the womb of Nanteza”, meaning that she provided tow kings. He was also brave like his brother. Ssemakokiro killed his brother Jjunju and usurped the throne. But Ssemakokiro turned against his agents who had helped him to kill Jjunju and these escaped death by feeling to Bunyaruguru. Ssemakokiro’s tomb is in Kisimbiri.

  1. KAMANYA (1818-32)

This Kabaka succeeded his father, Ssemakokiro. His mother was the lady Ndwaddewazibwa. Kamanya was also very brave. He was the Kbaka who extended the Kitara-Buganda border to Wesigire near Mubende. From this time onwards no other king of Buganda annexed big chunks of Kitara territory until the advent of the Europeans. It was these Europeans who annexed large areas of Kitara to Buganda during the close of the last century.

  1. SSUNA II SEMUNYWA KALEMA KANSINJO (1832-57)

He succeeded his father, Kamanya. His mother was the lady Kannyange Nnakkazi. It was during Ssuna II’s reign that foreigners [Arab slave traders] started coming to Buganda. He was the first King to receive clothing [cotton cloth] from foreigners. He is said to have married very many wives. He dies in Bwiru [Buddu] when he was on his way back from Kiziba, where he had gone on a raiding expedition. His body lies in Wamala.

  1. MUKABYA MUTEESA SEWANKAMBO WALUGEMBE (1857-84)

He succeeded his father, Ssuna II. His mother was the lady Mungazirwazza. This king was a good and wise man and ruled prudently. He was the first king to meet Europeans, in February 1862 in the persons of Captains Speke and Grant.  Christianity also arrived in Buganda during his reign. He was on good terms with the Christian missionaries and did not try to fight them. The Protestants were the first to arrive in Buganda in 1877. They were followed by the Roman Catholics in 1879. The king himself was a Muslim. But it is not known whether he was ever circumcised, because a king’s blood could not be shed. He had very many children but many of them were burnt to death by his brother Kalema. Kabaka Mukabya died in 1884, and his tomb is found at Kasubi.

  1. MWANGA II BASAMMULA-EKKERE (1884-97)

He became king on 24th October 1884 in succession o his father Mukabya. Mwanga II did not have the goodness and wisdom of his father, for he was unstable in character. And for this reason, Mwanga II did not enjoy the throne peacefully, for he was on and off it. He was driven away from the throne twice, first by Kiweewa and then by Kalema . He, however struggled back to power again but was finally deposed on 6 July 1897, when he revolted against the Europeans. He fled through Kiziba, Bwiru, and finally reached Kitara. He again moved on through Kitara to Bukidi, where he met his uncle Kabalega of Kitara. These two followed the path which Isingoma Mpuga Rukidi and Kato Kimera, their ancestors, had followed on their way to Kitara . These two kings were arrested by the British in April 1899 and were exiled to the Seychelles Islands, where Mwanga II died in 1908. Hid body was brought back to Buganda and was buried with his father’s at Kasubi. His mother was the lady Abisagi Bagalyaze.

Kiwewa

In our custom [Banyoro custom] Kiwewa should not have been counted as king because he came to the throne while the rightful heir, Mwanga II, was still alive. Kiwewa spent only seventy-two days on the throne and was killed by another brother of his. But in the custom of the Baganda, Kiwewa is counted as king and that is why he has been included in this list of Baganda kings. He was the father of Prince Augustini Tibandeke. His tomb is found in Masanafu. His mother was the lady Kiribakka.

Kalema

He is also counted among the rebel princes against their brother kings. He became king in succession to his brother Kiwewa, whom he killed. He is the one who sought help from Kabalega. He appealed to Kabalega for help and was given an army led by Rwabudongo. The army helped to put Kalema on the throne of Buganda. Kalema spent more days on the throne than his brother Kiwewa. He ascended the throne on 12 October 1888 and was driven off on 5 October 1889. He thus spent almost a year on the throne. He was the father of Princess Yosefu Musanje Walugembe and Edimond [Edmund] Ndawula, now deceased. Prince Edmund Ndawula was first a Muslim by the name of Aramanzani but later became a Christian. Kalema was also the father of Maria Kamuhanda, the Rubuga, or official sister, of Sir Daudi Chwa II. Kalema died in Kitara when he had fled to Kabalega asking for help. Kabaka Kalema is said to have had a very bad temper and also to have burnt to death his brother, and thus destroying the royal clan because he feared that they might one day rebel against him and usurp his throne.

His mother was the lady Ndikubwani. His body lies in Mmende. His body was removed from Kitara to Buganda to be buried as was the custom.

  1. SIR CAPTAIN H.H. DAUDI CHWA, K.C.M.G. (1897-1939)

Kabaka Chwa is the present king in Buganda at the time I am writing this book. He is counted among the very powerful and honorable kings of Buganda. He succeeded his father, Mwanga II, on 14 August 1897, while his father was still alive and fighting against the Europeans. His mother was the lady Everini [Evelyn] Kulabako. Daudi Chwa’s ability was very much tried by the wisdom of the Europeans. Buganda progressed during his reign and was peaceful. His people are very rich. They have built nice and strong houses made of stone and iron roofs or tiles. Things seem to be going well in his reign. At present, Buganda has twenty big countries with many people living in them.

  1. MUTEESA II, EDWARD, S.M. LUWANGULA

He succeeded his father, Sir Daudi Chwa on 24 November 1939. The Second World War had begun at this time he is the one who sent a section of the army, the 7th K.A.R., to go and fight in other areas. During his reign, a strike broke out on 11 January 1945. This resulted in the arrest of Samuel Wamala, who was then Katikiro of Buganda, and he was exiled to Bunyoro.  P. Kitaka and Ganya, the Assistant Katikiro were arrested and exiled to Seychelles Islands. S. Bazongere, Saza Chief of Kyaddondo, Njuki, Saza Chief of Ssingo and sixteen others were detained in Kitgum and others parts of Uganda. Muteesa II went abroad for further studies and stayed there for two years from 1946-47. His country is progressing. His mother is the lady Airene [Irene]. D. Namaganda, the daughter of reverend Jonasani Kaizi.

About ekitibwakyabuganda

Ba Ssebo ne ba Nyabo, Twebaza Abaganda bonna abulumulirwa Obuganda . Era twebaza ne mikwano gya Buganda gyonna wonna wegiri munsi yonna. Omukutu guno gwatandikibwawo nga e’kigendererwa kwe kuyigiriza abantu ebintu ebikwatagana no’Buganda era nokuwanyisiganya ebilowozo nebanaffe abatali Baganda. Abaganda ne mikwano gya Buganda mukozese omukisa guno muwereze ebirowozo byamwe no’bubaka bwona obunaagasa Abaganda na’baana Buganda berizala mu maaso eyo. Obumu ku bubaka obuwerezebwa ku mukutu guno bugyibwa mukuwanyisiganya ebirowozo okubera kumukutu gwa Ugandan’s at Heart (UAH) Forum ogwatandikibwawo Mwami Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba. Era twebaza muzukulu wa Kintu ne Nnambi ono olw’omulimu gwakoledde bana Uganda bonna abali e’bunayira mungeri yo kubagatta mu byempuliziganya no’kutumbula okukolaganira awamu.

One response »

  1. I don’t know what is bothering you guys. Buganda has its history, the history taught to us by our Grandparents. We the Baganda know that Kabaka Kintu was the first King of Buganda, the Banyoro can write or say whatever they want to us the Baganda it doesn’t matter. That is their spun version the Banyoro can believe the important thing is what we the Baganda know and believe.

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