Ssabanyala and Ssabaruli are just Politcal Titles that can be taken away any time


Dear Ugandans,

UNDER 1962 INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUION, THE HEAD OF STATE OF UGANDA WAS THE QUEEN OF ENGLAND WHO WOULD BE REPRESENTED BY A GOVERNOLR GENERAL. The First Constitutional Amendment 1963, created a position of President and Vice President to be elected by parliament. Candidates were to be traditional rulers. In non kingdom areas, a position of constitutional head was created like the Rutakirwea of Kigezi. These are now catered for under a regional Government arrangement as entrenched in 1995 constitution as amended in 2005 constitution.

These rulers can’t be presidents and vice presidents again like it was the case in 1963 because they are barred from partisan politics. But they can titular heads of regional governments. Unfortunately some opportunists at mmengo rejected such a wonderful deal, which was agreed upon by the President, the Kabaka, the Katikkiro, Mulwanyammuli then, John Katende, Charles Peter Mayigha, Apolllo makubuya, Grace Ndugwa, among others. Traditional/ cultural leaders are only barred from partisan politics but not politics for man is a political animal.

l am a journalist and my area of specialization is politics. l covered and followed well Government Mmengo talks. The formal ones were with Katikkiro and his team and Mbabazi-Rugunda team. Occasionally the President and the Kabaka could intervene. Later the Kabaka was personally represented by Prince David Kintu Wassajja. Another informal team of Haji Abdu Nadduli, omutaka Nadduli Kibaale, Prince Kitayimbwa Mumiransanafu the late Bishop Yokana Mukasa, also intervened. Museveni had a three day meeting with Haji Nadduli in Karamoja in 2004, as there was no head way between Mulwanyammuli and Mbabazi-Rugunda.

The final deal was endorsed by Lukiiko. But when Mulwanyammuli was forced to resign, the Lukiiko undid what it had done. Among those in the talks and are still at Mmengo include Apolo Makubuya and Charles Peter Mayiga. Joseph Mulwanyammuli may be seen as a hypocrite, but am sympathetic to him for he was betrayed by both Mmengo and the centre.

The traditional leader of Bugerere was Namuyonjo, who was also deposed by Kabaleega in his wars. But later Sir Edward Muteesa ll restored him and gave him a Mailo Estate at Galiraaya in present Baale County. But the political/administrative leader was a saza chief.

The problem however is that ever since kingdoms were restored in 1993, Mmengo has not installed a Nang’oma or a Namuyonjo. Neither has it allowed the Kabaka’s subjects in Buluuli and Bugerere, to elect their won representatives to Buganda Lukiiko. Then name calling of who is more muganda than another started by frustrated politicians, and the climax was the last September riots.

Take an example of my home Mawogola County or Ssembabule District. The traditional leader was Chief Muntu Njovu, the last signatory on Buganda Agreement of 1900. He got two Mailo land estates at Bulera, which is his official estate, and Kyebando, which is private. His relatives and subjects, including grandfather of CMI Brig. James Mugira, also got Mailo estates. But the political/administrative leader was a saza chief.

The Bamooli, the Muntu’s ruling clan and Bannabwera, his subjects seek restoration of that cultural autonomy, but mmengo is adamant.

Most Baluuli and Banyara are Baganda with an exception of a few political agitators. One of Buganda’s famous Prime ministers, Nsibirwa (in whose name is now a hall at Makerere University), was a Munyala. In Buluuli, immigrants including Baganda,  Banyankore and Banyarwanda when team up with moderate Baluuli, hardliners like Hon. Muluuli Mukasa,, former security minister, become a minority. In Bugerere, Banyala though natives, are less than 10 percent, and the majority are Baganda.

The provision which was in the First Amendment of 1962 Independence Constitution (1963) applied for non kingdom areas and the kingdoms of Buganda, Bunyoro, Tooro and the Territory of Busoga were exceptional. It was smuggled out of the bill according to the president and cabinet.

Ahmed Katerega

UAH forumist


About ekitibwakyabuganda

Ba Ssebo ne ba Nyabo, Twebaza Abaganda bonna abulumulirwa Obuganda . Era twebaza ne mikwano gya Buganda gyonna wonna wegiri munsi yonna. Omukutu guno gwatandikibwawo nga e’kigendererwa kwe kuyigiriza abantu ebintu ebikwatagana no’Buganda era nokuwanyisiganya ebilowozo nebanaffe abatali Baganda. Abaganda ne mikwano gya Buganda mukozese omukisa guno muwereze ebirowozo byamwe no’bubaka bwona obunaagasa Abaganda na’baana Buganda berizala mu maaso eyo. Obumu ku bubaka obuwerezebwa ku mukutu guno bugyibwa mukuwanyisiganya ebirowozo okubera kumukutu gwa Ugandan’s at Heart (UAH) Forum ogwatandikibwawo Mwami Abbey Kibirige Semuwemba. Era twebaza muzukulu wa Kintu ne Nnambi ono olw’omulimu gwakoledde bana Uganda bonna abali e’bunayira mungeri yo kubagatta mu byempuliziganya no’kutumbula okukolaganira awamu.

One response »

  1. As I said before,This shows those who don’t know Buganda history, governance and protocol well, Mr. Kateregga. You stated that,

    “But they can titular heads of regional governments. Unfortunately some opportunists at mmengo rejected such a wonderful deal, which was agreed upon by the President, the Kabaka, the Katikkiro, Mulwanyammuli then, John Katende, Charles Peter Mayigha, Apolllo makubuya, Grace Ndugwa, among others.”

    How could this be a good thing for Mengo? Did you know that Mengo is for Buganda and Baganda? Do you know how Lukiiko works? Do you know how Buganda Govt. works? How can Kabaka become a titular head under this concotion by a Govt. that is neither democratic, nor federal or unitary? Your experiment with Museveni cannot work!
    This is so intricate that any outsider cannot envision its intricacies for many are not written, but in the hearts. Nabangereza abalina Empire baalemwa!
    Mengo is an aristocracy, NOT a democracy! In English you may never have an equivalent of the Buganda aristocracy.
    I respect your being a journalist, specialised in politics. However, you should not rewrite our political history according to what you think or perceive. You should write ethically and without bias.

    Those people you are mentioning that they had agreed to that infringement of our cultural rights of association and organisation, I would think that either they did not understand what was behind it or they are being sabotaged. On another note, for your information, Kabaka is a Trustee of Buganda culture, norms, resources – land, property, etc. A Trustee always holds something or things entrusted, to them, so it not personal property. Kabaka cannot do such a thing for he has the Lukiiko, Abataka, Abalangira n’Abambejja, Abebika, and others who advise him well. This has been the problem of many non Baganda who do not understand how the Buganda system works! Ebika 54 olowooza byakirizza? Lekeraawo okuvoola Ssabasajja Kabaka ng’omuteeka mu mboozi ezimuweebuuula! Bwova awo nga weeyita Omuganda!

    Each one of us as a Muganda, we have a personal and special relationship to Ssabasajja Kabaka. No one is the less, no one is the more!

    Ffe Abaganda tuliko we tukoma ku Kabaka naddala obutamuweebuula kubanga tubeera tweweebuudde ffeka! Kye nva ntera okwebuuza nti ddala oli Muganda? Nebuuza bulijjo ddala oli Mulangira Omuganda nga bweweyita?
    As you may see the following, are you in Museveni’s camp of destroying our culture by imposing concoctions of the uncultured?

    I am cautioning you to stop slander about Ssabasajja Kabaka. Lekeraawo okujuliza Ssabasajja ku bintu ebikontana era ebisanyaawo Buganda!

    When you have to retreat, you may need those bridges you are burning. The Queen of England by then was illegally occupying Buganda and other regions since it was an empire that had conquered lands. However, Kabaka Muteesa I in his wisdom never gave away Buganda. Buganda was a Protectorate, NOT a colony by the time it got its independence. Twice Kabaka Mwanga was exiled because he refused to sign away Buganda under those unfair treaties/agreements. Unfortunately, he paid the utmost price and died in exile. Twice Kabaka Muteesa II was exiled for the same reason, good enough he lived to see Buganda get out of the crutches for that short period from 1962 to 1965.

    As you can see, the British created a problem of mixing up parallel systems of Government, aristocracies – federo with unitary. This was done hastily to create (B)Uganda by removing B. This has been a systemic ulcer if not cancer that is eating away the region since many have stubbornly and myopically refused the diagnosis of a Federo type of Governance.

    A friend of Milton Obote and Julius Nyerere, Yoweri T. Museveni has also tried so much to dissolve kingdoms or traditional rulers and institutions by disempowering them in form of denying them their fair share of financial resources, dismantling cultural norms and creating bills and laws that marginalise them. These are enemies of culture for they think that they have seen a “light” – which is a darkness to plunge traditional systems into oblivion. He writes in his essay of 1969 in Dar es Salaam,

    “The peasants in Mozambique have already grasped the meaning of a nation as opposed to a tribe, In Uganda, on the other hand, peasants and indeed intelligentisa at Makerere, have failed not only to get beyond the tribe but have not even conquered the clan. The peasants in Western region of Uganda, for instance will refer to people from the Northern region of hte country as ‘Abanyamahanga’ (foreigners) or as ‘Abadokori’ (somebody whose language is not intelligible). You find student tribal organisations at Makerere University such as Masaba Students Unions, (Bugisu), Lango Students, Abaana ba Buganda, etc. By contrast, the struggle in Mozambique has taught the peasant the concept of nationhood.”

    This is infringement of the highest order of people on their freedom to associate or organise or have the right to self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
    Thus the enemies of our culture may concoct “bills” and “laws” to deny us this human right. Traditional rulers should be able to engage in politics as it suits them for they belong to a culture.
    The word “politics” comes from the Greek word “Πολιτικά” (politika), modeled on Aristotle’s “affairs of the city”, the name of his book on governing and governments, politikos), meaning amongst others “of, for, or relating to citizens”, “civil”, “civic”, “belonging to the state”, in turn from “πολίτης” (polites), “citizen” and that from “πόλις” (polis), “city”. (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Wikipedia
    The activities or affairs engaged in by a government supposed to be a Government of the people by the people.

    Before that, Museveni said that,
    “Besides purifying individuals, revolutionary struggles, preferably culminating in armed violence, purify whole societies.”

    He further said,
    “By revolutionary struggles I mean nationalized revolutionary struggles with a correct ideology. The reason for this purifiacation is not hard to find; once the individuals are purified, then society as a whole will most likely be purified because, after all society is an aggregate of individuals. As we have already seen, the purification of individuals depends on the purification of relations among individuals. The starting point is, therefore, the sublimation of individuals and everything will fall in place. The sublimatory remolding of individuals has led to a concomitant recasting of the whole society.”

    This is his experiment in Uganda. Many like him have come and gone and will leave Buganda culture intact.

    He further states,
    “But it must be emphasized that his process of harmonization doe not include or embrace the reactionary classes that have got similar interest with imperialism. The feudal social strata and the comprador capitalists are a case in point . The kind of feudalist currently found in a number of African countries, and Mozambique is no exception, owe their privileges to imperialism. The Buganda feudal chiefs who had land from the British, the British puppet chiefs in Rhodesia and the Portuguese puppet chiefs of Mozambique, are extremely hostile to the revolution.”

    How could the British come from wherever and give land to the indigenes they found! This is warped mentality.

    Peoples and individuals have the right not to be subjected to forced assimilation or destruction of their culture.

    His theory and arguments are based on Franz Fanon’s theory of violence.

    Stalin abolished kingdoms in that part of Europe and created USSR, where everyone had an internal passport stating where they came from, like Kazakhstan, or Jewish, etc. He wanted to control people by knowing who they where and where they came from. He tried his experiment, it crashed in the 90s! The rest is history!

    “Ndi mugezi, nga mubuulire.”
    Ggwe ani yakubuulira ebyo ebimu byowandiika ku Buganda?

    Control of another only creates insecurity for the perpetrator oppressor is always looking behind his shoulder not sure of the one he is violating/oppressing! Advise your political friends to work in harmony with Mengo and other traditional institutions, for they are the heart of many Ugandans, instead of alway trying to disempower them and control them. Power shared is power enjoyed. Harmony in music does not mean that all notes are the same! Some are high, higher and others are low and lower!

    Good politics is appreciating the strengths of others and enlisting them, acknowledging your weaknesses and shortcomings,

    “Eyakusinze, akukubisa gwolina.”

    “Gwosussa emwanyi, omusanga ku Lubigi nga y’awungula!

    “Plans fail for lack of counsel,
    but with many advisers they succeed.” Proverbs 15:22

    Rev. Jessica

    Be strong and courageous.
    Do not be terrified; do not be discouraged, for the LORD your God will be with you wherever you go.” (Joshua 1:9)

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